September 2019

Advancement in cosmetic dental surgery and various treatment equipments have led to increased demand for various long-term cosmetic treatments in this field. This has also led to increased number of dentists opting for cosmetic dentistry. Although, cosmetic dentistry has made it possible to solve almost all kinds of dental issues which were considered as irreversible in the past. However, these modern treatment modalities are associated with increased risks too. Hence, before opting for any long term dental procedure, you should inquire into its possible side effects.

One of the riskiest long term dental procedures is a dental implant surgery. Getting a dental implant involves more complications than getting an implant in any other part of your body. This is because oral cavity is exposed to foreign bodies by way of food particles and other chemicals. This easily increases the risk of infection inside or near the implant. Implants are made of titanium hence they do not cause any form of infection but the problem arises when a microorganism escapes into this implant cavity from the surrounding tissue. Normally, there are several harmful and harmless bacterial reactions going on in our oral cavity but they do not pose any kind of serious threat to our dental or oral health. But in case of an unhealed wound present in your oral cavity, these bacterial actions can prove dangerous. This is the reason why dental implants are often associated with risk factors like severe infection, pain, swelling, and bleeding.

Placement of adhesive teeth is a viable alternative to dental implants. They are noninvasive but they may require timely maintenance. But certainly they are less risky and less expensive than getting dental implants.

Another long term procedures includes placement of braces. They are far less complicated than implants but certainly they can cause lot of discomfort. However, the level of discomfort weans off after the initial stages in this procedure. Teeth straightening is a lengthy procedure and its success depends upon the experience of your cosmetic surgeon. In several cases, the treatment has caused issues like weakening of teeth, toothache and infections. The dentist should follow the correct degree of correction required at each stage of the procedure. In case the teeth are excessively aligned to a wrong position, this can cause troubles associated with proper chewing and biting. The dentist should know the right time for withdrawing the treatment and this stage varies depending upon the patient's response to the treatment.

Long term cosmetic dental procedures need special attention and care even after the treatment is over. This is yet another issue that causes failure of long term procedures. Once the patient gets the desired result, both the dentist as well as the patient ignores the maintenance part. This causes the teeth to move back to their previous positions. So, post treatment care should be given special consideration if you are on for a cosmetic dental treatment.

Source by Simon Mahoney

Dental Implants have emerged as the most effective treatment for replacing lost tooth. If you have lost a tooth by accident, infection or due to cavities, then you can opt for them. If your bone is weak or has an infection then you will need to be treated for that. Once the infection is treated the dentist will assess your bone. If it isn't sufficient you may be considered for grafts. If grafts are placed then you need to wait for it to establish and integrate with your body. After the bone graft is completely healed you are ready to receive your tooth implant.

The process of implantation is broken up into three phases. Phase one is the actual surgical placement of the implant. In the second phase an abutment is screwed into the implant. In the third phase the actual crown is cemented onto the abutment.

With your dental implants you can eat almost anything because there's a tissue conditioner on the temporary dentures. This keeps the area to be implanted safe from trauma!

Now, how do you pay for your implants?

Before proceeding for the teeth implants save some money as you will surely need to pay out-of-pocket. For low-cost dental implants you can explore the option of traveling abroad to a country like India. The prices are quite cheap and the quality of work is exceptional.

Without dental implants you will continue to lose bone, as you get older. You will look a lot older than you really are. Also, the bone loss means your dentures can't stay in place. So, research aggressively to choose low-cost teeth implants that suits your budget.

On average tooth implant costs vary between $ 1,500-2,500 US Dollars per tooth without the additional crown. But, depending on your dental condition additional costs for things such as a posterior mandible or bone regeneration, sinus elevation, and wide diameter or narrow diameter implants can quickly escalate the costs involved.

Source by Sheena Easton

Once you're housed and fed, it's time to get working. In Mexico City, the best area to start your English language teaching job search is the Zona Rosa. Here are some suggestions to help get you started.

Working in the Zona Rosa and Beyond

Harmon Hall – Zona Rosa

Address: Liverpool No. 143 3rd floor (near the corner of Amberes)

Phone: 208 – 3712, 208 – 5954


website: []

Harmon Hall has a substantial presence throughout Mexico and there are 27 locations in Mexico City alone. The Zona Rosa location listed here is extremely busy all year and in constant need of English teachers. The pay is moderate at best, although this is a good place to gain some training and experience if you're short on either. It's on the third floor of the same building where Quick Learning is located, on Liverpool near the corner of Amberes. For complete details on their general requirements and training, visit their website.

Quick Learning – Zona Rosa

Director: Diana Guillen

Address: Liverpool No. 143 1st floor (near the corner of Amberes)

Phone: 533 – 0180, 533 – 0181

Information Center: 740 – 6677

In addition to its Zona Rosa location, Quick Learning has 16 other locations. The setup and programs are similar to Harmon Hall an the Zona Rosa location is even in the same building as Harmon Hall, on the first floor. The competition for students is that fierce. General English, Business English and intensive courses are available. Salary is based on experience, tenure, number and type of classes taught.

Wall Street Institute School of English – Zona Rosa

Address: Hamburgo No. 172-D

Phone: 514 – 0780, 514 – 0783, 514 – 0785

Telefax: 514 – 0774

Right on Hamburgo, in the thick of things in the Zona Rosa, this institute is very well located and constantly busy, especially in the Spring and Summer months. Tons of facilities and activities of every type are all around, so the students can put their classroom studies into immediate, practical use. The Zona Rosa is rampant with English-speaking foreigners so even the panhandlers ply their “trade” in English. If you stop in with a brief resume and certificate and / or diploma copies handy you'll be working almost before you're out the door if it's a busy time for them. (Which it almost always is) This should be one of your stops while you're making the rounds of this area.

Colegio Nacional de Computo e Ingles

Director: Gabriela Duran

Phone: 564 – 4020, 265 – 4500


website: []


For the very computer literate and technically-minded, and with a whopping 80 locations throughout Mexico, this school provides courses in general and technical English. There are quite a number of courses available at times so the opportunities can be quite good. This is a welcome change from the usual business or general English only options available at most institutes.

We'll continue looking at English language teaching jobs in the Zona Rosa and beyond in part 2 of this article. Be sure to check out my other articles in the two continuing series: Teaching English in Mexico and Traveling in Mexico. If you would like more information, have questions or comments, the author can be e-mailed; see address below.

City:-The-Zona-Rosa-Part-1&id=237994″>Source by Larry M. Lynch

The mouth is the center of concentration when you are speaking. People will tend to focus more on your mouth during a conversation as compared to the eyes. The mouth also plays an important role in facial expressions. The smile is one of the best expressions that you can give anyone. This can however be hard to achieve if you have misshaped, worn out, discolored, broken, misaligned and missing teeth. However, with good dental treatments and services, you can now bounce back into confidence with a big bright smile.

A top dentist will offer you the best solutions for your dental needs. Your homework will be to find the very best you can find to achieve the desired results that you wish to gain with the dental procedures that are possible. So, how do you choose the best dentist to restore your dental confidence?

  • Check The Dentist's Level Of Training:

This is one of the most important considerations that you must make. Training is important for any dentist if at all he is to handle the dental procedures in the safest and most effective way possible. Continuous education is also very important considering that new treatments are being developed every day. This will mean that your dentist will be up to date with the latest technologies to get you to the dental confidence level that you wish for with ease. The techniques can determine healing period and the results that you get at the end of the day.

  • Check The Experience Of Your Dentist:

Years of practicing dentistry are important in determining how professional the dentist will be handling your case. Fortunately, you will find very well trained and experienced dentists in your city to handle any of your dental issues and treatments. Extensive experience and advanced training are a great combination for a top dentist.

  • Consider The Services Offered:

Dental health can come with all sorts of issues. When searching for the best dentist, you can easily tell how reliable he will be by looking at the dental procedures and services he has to offer. The best dentist will be in a position to handle most of the dental problems faced on a daily basis. You will be better off when you can find everything that you need in one place. Apart from considering what you currently need from your dentist, also consider any potential future needs.

  • The Office Location:

This is important since it can determine how fast you will manage getting to the office, especially during emergencies. It is advisable that you find a dentist who is closer for everyday conveniences and emergencies. Office hours are also crucial to consider since they determine how fast you can access the emergency care that you are looking for at any given time.

  • Payment and Fees:

Besides getting the best services for any dental procedure, you also want to make sure that you can afford what you enjoy. The truth is that the fees will depend on the treatment that you get and the extent of the procedure. It is still however important to look for a dentist whose fees and payment plans you can keep up with comfortably.

Town&id=8685018″>Source by David Baltazar

As the voice of Puss in Boots in the series of Shrek films, Antonio Banderas' accent is becoming just as recognisable as his easily identifiable face.

Hailing from the Spanish city of Malaga, Banderas started his acting career in Spanish films and TV shows in 1982. It wasn't until 1993 that he made his first appearance in a major English-spoken film – The House of Spirits, alongside Meryl Streep , Jeremy Irons and Winona Ryder.

Banderas originally wanted to become a professional footballer but an injury when he was 14 put paid to those dreams, but his heart was set on stardom and aged 19 he started working in Spanish theater productions; however, it's his career in Hollywood that has put him on the celebrity map.

After The House of Spirits, Banderas appeared in the Oscar-winning Philadelphia. He went on to play the lead role in Robert Rodriguez 'Desperado alongside Salma Hayek. As a precursor for his part in Shrek, Banderas narrated Evita – starring Madonna, Jimmy Nail and Andrea Corr – before starring in the 1998 version of The Mask of Zorro. He would later play the lead role in The Legend of Zorro opposite Catherine Zeta-Jones.

In 2001 he again worked with director Rodriguez, appearing in the children's action adventure film Spy Kids, as well as being cast in the sequels.

By now, Banderas' name was known the world over and his appearance in Imagining Argentina alongside Kuno Becker would lead to a high profile name-drop. When Becker went on to play Santiago Munez in the 2005 film Goal !, the player was eventually accepted into the Newcastle ranks because the sister of Hughie McGowan – villain of the squad – fancied Munez, which McGowan explained by saying "she thinks you look like Antonio Banderas ".

Banderas has also tried his hand at directing with two films to his credit – 1999's Crazy in Alabama and the more recent El camino de los ingleses (Summer Rain in English speaking countries) in which he cast his wife, Melanie Griffiths, and their daughter Stella del Carmen Banderas.

Although based in Hollywood, Banderas still spends a lot of time in his home country taking flights to Malaga to see his family and childhood friends.

As well as visiting Malaga, Banderas also stops off in northern Spain where he owns a vineyard producing red and rose wines under the company name Anta Banderas – although it is always his acting that people will remember Banderas for, no matter how versatile his career becomes .

The information contained within this article is the opinion of the author and is intended purely for information and interest purposes only. It should not be used to make any decisions or take any actions. Any links are included for information purposes only.

Antonio-Banderas—A-Gift-From-Malaga&id=2311186″>Source by Victoria Cochrane

Teeth are lost because of trauma or disease. Trauma may come in the form of an accident or excessive biting forces. Disease is generally tooth decay or periodontal disease [gum disease] but there are other categories such as cancer and various neoplasm's of the jaw that may result in tooth loss. Studies show that more than 50% of the population have one or more missing teeth. Trauma commonly causes the loss of a single front tooth. The effect this has on a persons' well being is obvious. Fortunately an experienced dental implantologist can usually remove the remaining root, place a dental implant, and secure a new tooth to that implant in one visit of an hour or two. The loss of a single tooth in the back is usually caused by tooth decay or periodontal disease. Sometimes this can be treated just like front teeth but for various reasons it is often more time consuming.

More often than not the treatment for a single missing back tooth is as follows:

  1. Extraction of the damaged tooth and grafting of the root sockets. Wait 4 months then
  2. Placement of a dental implant to replace the root of the single missing tooth. Wait 4 to 6 months then
  3. Placement of an abutment on the dental implant and record taking for the fabrication of a crown to replace the single missing tooth. Wait 3 weeks then
  4. Permanent attachment of the abutment to the implant and cementation of the crown to the abutment. TREATMENT COMPLETE

The need for replacing a single missing tooth in the back is often times not as intuitively obvious as the need for replacing a single missing tooth in the front; but it is important. Teeth are very movable. We've all witnessed an Orthodontist putting tension on a tooth with a small rubber band and moving it where ever he wants. Each tooth in the mouth has a position and a purpose. When there is a single missing tooth the body's natural reaction is to drift adjacent teeth into the void that is created. Over time a single missing tooth may actually cause a change in the position of every other tooth in the mouth. Malocclusion may then develop contributing to TMJ [tempromandibular joint] dysfunction, headaches, muscle spasms in the neck and shoulders, food impaction between teeth, tooth decay, periodontal disease, and other problems. Because these problems don't always develop and because they may occur years after the single tooth is lost, people often times don't associate the loss of their tooth to the problems it caused. It is a shame that a single missing tooth is frequently ignored in light of the possible consequences but the development of dental implants for the replacement of a single missing tooth is encouraging many more people to seek early treatment.

Multiple missing teeth usually follows a single missing tooth. Each time a tooth is lost and not replaced it accelerates the process of losing more teeth. As multiple teeth are lost all of the problems associated with a single missing tooth are exaggerated. But there are additional concerns as well. Those would include but not be limited to:

  1. Collapse of vertical dimension- As multiple back teeth are lost the mouth loses their support when we close causing the chin to get closer to the nose. This has the effect of deep folds at the corner of the mouth and thinning of the lips. It can easily age a persons' appearance by 10 to 20 years.
  2. Collapse of facial structure-As multiple back teeth are lost facial support of the cheeks is lost causing a sunken in look. Once again the result is premature aging.
  3. Bone loss- The bones of our upper and lower jaws have only one natural purpose; the support of our tooth roots. When the roots are lost the bone begins to melt away much as a muscle does that is not used. This results in further lose of facial support and can make the wearing of artificial prosthetics such as dentures impossible. It can also make the placement of dental implants more challenging.
  4. Inability to chew foods properly-The mouth is the first in a series of organs designed to assimilate and digest foods. The more thoroughly we can chew the food the better the whole system works. Mom wasn't wrong when she admonished all of us to chew our food more slowly and thoroughly.
  5. Inability to eat a healthy diet-As more and more teeth are lost it becomes increasingly difficult to eat a balanced diet. Important staples such as raw vegetables and nuts become impossible to eat and we lose out on the many vitamins and minerals they provide.
  6. Inability to eat the foods we enjoy-Corn on the cob, ribs, steaks, fajitas, etc. become impossible to eat. Many people don't know how much being able to eat what they want means to them until it's too late.
  7. Embarrassment-There is a social stigma associated with missing teeth. Many people simply quit smiling or hide their smiles with their hands. That is unfortunate because we know of very few people who lost their teeth because they wanted to. Each person has their own story and all of them or sad.

These are but a few of the problems that people face because of single and multiple missing teeth. Now, dental implants offer amazingly simple and dependable solutions. Dental implants for single missing teeth or multiple missing teeth are artificial roots made of titanium that replace the roots of natural teeth. For a single missing tooth one implant is placed and a crown is attached to it. The result is a natural looking tooth that functions and works just like the natural tooth that was replaced. Many people think that with multiple missing teeth that one dental implant is required to replace each tooth; that is not usually the case. For example if three teeth in a row are missing it is often possible to replace them with only two dental implants and a fixed bridge between them. With the amazing All on 4 protocol and entire arch [16 teeth] can be replaced with only four implants and a fixed bridge.

The placement of a dental implant is usually quick and almost painless for those who are candidates. One requirement is an adequate quantity and quality of bone. As mentioned previously when a tooth is extracted the bone that once secured its' root begins to melt away. Some studies indicate that up to 40% of the bone volume in that area may be lost in the first twelve months. Modern dentist with an understanding of oral surgery and implants place materials in the sockets where the tooth roots were to prevent this from happening. The result is a healthy site for the future placement of a dental implant. Dentist with a more advanced understanding of dental implants may actually place an implant into the socket when the tooth is extracted. When this can be achieved it is the best and simplest solution for preventing bone loss. But because many dentist do not understand dental implants and the protocols necessary for preserving bone, and because many patients take a cavalier approach to the loss of a tooth, sometimes there is a need for an implant but not adequate bone to support it. Modern implant designs minimize this as do implant placement protocols such as those of the All on 4 technique but they cannot eliminate the occasional need for more bone.

When there simply must be more bone, bone regeneration procedures are required. This normally incorporates one of many different types of materials that replace the lost bone volume and encourage the formation of new bone. With the advent of stem cell and bone morphogenic enhanced materials this has become far simpler and more predictable. What once required a maxillofacial and an orthopedic surgeon in a hospital setting can now be predictably performed by a well trained dental surgeon in his office. Once this new bone has matured, usually 4 to 6 months, a single or multiple tooth replacement dental implant can be placed just as predictably as if the graft had not been required.

Single Dental Implant Procedure: –

Steps for placement of a single dental implant in the site of a single missing tooth

  • After conscious sedation is administered the placement site of the single missing tooth is infiltrated with local anesthesia.
  • A small incision is made in the soft tissue covering the bone in the single missing tooth site and an osteotomy is prepared. An osteotomy is the same thing as a pilot hole made prior to the placement of a screw in wood. Once the osteotomy is completed a single dental implant is threaded into it. Now we have a man made root where the natural root was. Just like a natural root this dental implant is beneath the gums and in the bone and cannot be seen in the mouth. A piece called an abutment is screwed into the single dental implant. The abutment provides the transition from the dental implant beneath the gums to a tooth above the gums. Impressions are taken of the abutment and they are sent to a dental laboratory
  • In about three weeks a crown is returned from the laboratory and it is secured to the abutment with glue [cement]. You now have a new tooth that looks, functions, and feels just like a natural tooth.

Dental implants for the replacement of single missing teeth and multiple missing teeth have become as routine for dental implantologist as fillings are at your family dentist. For those with single missing teeth they offer an exceptional replacement solution that can help prevent future problems. For those who have lost multiple teeth or all of their teeth dental implants can give them back their smile, confidence, and self esteem. It can truly give them a second chance.

Source by Derrick Ashley

St Petersburg-Clearwater Airport is stands on a peninsula on the West Coast of Florida. It is in an area which is bordered by the Gulf of Mexico to the west and Tampa Bay to the east offering 50km of white sandy beaches on eight barrier islands. The airport is close to some of the major Florida attractions – just 30 minutes to Busch Gardens in Tampa and 90 minutes to the Walt Disney World Resort, Sea World and Universal Studios Escape in Orlando.

St. Petersburg-Clearwater International Tampa International Airport is only 30 minutes from St. Petersburg St. Petersburg and is served by all major airlines, with the St. Petersburg St. Petersburg / Clearwater International Airport providing additional passenger services and Albert Whitted Airport in downtown St. Petersburg Petersburg is a base for private aviation. The airport can be reached via State Route 686 – Roosevelt Blvd 7km north of St. Louis St. Petersburg: Interstate 75 leads from points both north and south in Florida to the Tampa Bay area, and from Orlando I-4 connects in Tampa with I-275 southbound to St. Petersburg Petersburg.

When you arrive at the airport and get to the baggage reclaim area you will find four reclaim belts, plenty of baggage carts and two public pay phones. The area is relatively small so it is easy to find your way around. There is an Information Booth / Visitors Information Center in the baggage reclaim area in the terminal building. There are also five major car hire companies based at St Petersburg Airport with their desks situated in the baggage reclaim area immediately opposite the arrivals hall, so if you decide to hire a car it is worth booking in advance with one of them so that you can complete a lot of the paperwork in advance and save time when you arrive in Florida.

The taxis and shuttle services from the airport operate from across the road from arrivals and baggage reclaim. Always make sure you know approximate traveling distance to your location and it is always a good idea to agree a price with the taxi driver before you set off if the car is not metered.

If you are planning to use public transport then Amtrak offers bus connections to St. Petersburg Petersburg plus the Greyhound bus system also links to many northern cities. The Pinellas Suncoast Transit Authority also provides buses from the airport covering the entire county and offering access to the beaches.

If you are departing from St Petersburg-Clearwater Airport you can be dropped off at the front of the terminal building but you cannot leave a vehicle there unattended. The short stay car park is available just further along from ticketing / check in on the left side after the car hire car park. You will be checking in to ticketing / check in A or B, depending on which airline you are traveling with.

The short and long term car parking lots are open two hours prior to the first departure of the day and one hour after the last flight arrives. Cash, Credit and Debit Cards are all accepted for payment. The offsite car park is across Roosevelt Blvd and is not always open so check in advance and the airport will operate a free shuttle service from the remote lot to the terminal.

You can get something to eat and drink at the airport with the Palm Terrace Restaurant on the second floor of the terminal building offering spectacular views of Tampa Bay and airport runways, with an American Bistro menu serving breakfast, lunch and dinner. Suncoast Attractions is the airport gift shop selling souvenirs from Tampa Bay area attractions and museums. There is also a newsagents and duty free shops in the terminal.

Petersburg-Clearwater-Airport-in-Florida&id=1164713″>Source by Linda Craik

I was home with my son one evening watching Tony Robbins YouTube videos when I came across this random video player, which I have no idea why I even hit play to this moment. But 7 minutes into it, I got my answer.

Have you ever dreamed of leaving a legacy for future generations? I’m sure you have, but this remarkable story about Ted Johnson, UPS ex-executive is as unearthly as anything you’ll ever read.

I feel honored to share this story with you because I heard this story at the perfect time, at the perfect place in my life and with the perfect person by your side – my 4 year-old son Zachary. I’m not much of a hockey fan, but I got the hat-trick the night I came across this story about Ted Johnson, a super-hero like 90 year-old, ex-UPS executive, who amassed a mountain of cold-hard cash by turning a measly $14,000 salary/year into $70 million at retirement!

After doing my due diligence, I uncovered an article posted in the New York Times, back on October 15, 1991 that interviewed Theodore R. Johnson at his apartment in DelRay Beach, FL. Johnson was quite the blue-collar man, who only strived to live a humble existence, while avoiding all of the Red Carpet fame and fortune that would typically go along with his “Mother Theresa” type antics.

Johnson wound up with a $70 million dollar investment pool of money from doing the right thing – paying himself first throughout his career, each and every week.

This man is the “holy grail” spokesperson and representative for every wishful saver who gave it all away. He compounded his savings by purchasing as many stock option shares as he could in The United Parcel Service, Inc (U.P.S) before he retired as vice president of industrial relations in 1952.

So what did he do with his $70 million you want to know? Johnson donated $36 million to various charities: He stared a scholarship fund for the children of U.P.S employees ($7.2 million) and is responsible for the largest donation to the American Indian College Fund in the history of the organization ($3.6 million). Ironically, Ted Johnson didn’t know “an Indian” personally, but thought they got many “raw deals” in life.

Also receiving $3.6 million each are Gallaudet University, a school for the deaf in Washington, D.C.; the Florida School for the Deaf and Blind, in St. Augustine, and a scholarship fund for poor children. Long story short, do you feel confident about leaving your legacy now? Pretty amazing story if I could say so myself!

Source by John J Gosselin

James Dean was an American movie actor in the 1950s, who was tragically killed in a motor accident when he was rising to stardom in Hollywood. He had acted in only seven films among which only three have his name in title credits. He is the first actor to be nominated for Oscars after death. In fact, he was posthumously nominated twice for the Oscar awards. He became a somewhat cult figure in United States after his death mainly because of his sparkling performance in films like Giant and Rebel without a Cause. He had a public image almost as a rebel without a cause.

James Dean was born in Marion in the State of Indiana on 8 February 1931. Winton Dean, who was a farmer turned dental technician, was his father and Mildred Dean his mother. When he was five years old, his family shifted to Los Angeles. After some years, his mother died, and he returned to Indiana to live with his aunt and uncle in their farm. After dabbling unspectacularly with studies in school and college for some time, he enrolled in an acting workshop conducted by James Whitmore. Soon he was appearing on television commercials. He found himself in acting in some plays and even doing minor roles in films. In 1951, he moved to New York for searching greener pastures in movie industry. He acted in several TV serials, while working in a studio. His roles in TV serials got noticed because of his excellent realistic acting, especially for his emotive facial expressions.

After some small roles in some films, he got his break in the film East of Eden, directed by Elia Kazan. It was an adaptation of a famous novel with the same name, written by John Steinbeck. Dean gave a whole-hearted performance. It was for this film that he received the Oscar nomination for the best actor award posthumously, the first of its kind in Oscar history.

Soon James Dean received another role in a memorably titled film, Rebel without a Cause. The film is said to provide an accurate depiction of the restlessness of youth. Dean gave a stirring performance in the film, which led him to his third, and what proved to be the last, movie, Giant. In this film, he played supporting role to the major stars of the time, Rock Hudson and Elizabeth Taylor. The film was released only after his death. He won Oscar nomination posthumously for this film also.

Dean was very much interested and actively involved in car racing also. He bought a Porsche 356 Speedster and then a Porsche 550 Spyders and began to participate in some racing competitions. He even got some prizes. After the shooting of Giant, while he was going to participate in a racing competition, his car collided with another car on the highway and he died.

James-Dean&id=1345571″>Source by Ian Pennington

The life of Miles Davis started in Alton Illinois where he was born to a relatively affluent family. Dr. Miles Davis, his father, was a dentist who moved the family to East St. Louis in 1927. In all, it could only be considered a relatively privileged life. For instance, there could not have been many children in his time and place who had the advantage of a substantial family ranch, in northern Arkansas, as did Davis where as a boy he learned to ride horses.

From an early age Miles' mother, Cleota Mae Davis, wanted Miles to play piano as she was very good blues pianist herself, a fact she kept hidden from her son. Davis' father however had other ideas and when Miles was 13 his father gave him a new trumpet and arranged lessons for him with the local music teacher.

You could say that Miles Davis' career as a trumpeter was someone due to serendipity because as Davis was later to suggest, his fathers choice of instrument was made largely to provoke his wife who disliked the instrument. Davis' instructor Buchanan could in a sense, also be considered serendipitous because unlike the fashion of the time he stressed the importance of playing without vibrato. It was this which informed Davis' playing and his clear signature tone throughout his life.

By way of enforcement Buchanan would slap Davis' knuckles every time he started using heavy vibrato. In time the way of playing his trumpet without vibrato became very important to his signature sound to the point where he once remarked; "I prefer the round sound with no attitude in it, like around voice with not too much tremolo and not too much baseline bass. Just right in the middle. If I can't get that sound I can't play anything. "

Davis was a member of the musicians union by the age of 16 and when not at school was working professionally. During the following year and at the age of 17 he played with the bandleader Eddie Randles' Blue Devils. At this time another early and important influence came in the form of the musicians Clark Terry and Sonny Stitt who tried to persuade him to join the tiny Bradshaw band that was then passing through town. However, this was at yet not to be because Davis's mother felt it more important that he finished his final year of high school.

In these early days Davis' parents were both very insistent on his continuing formal academic studies. But for this, Davis would have been on the road with the Billy Eckstine band which had visited St. Louis in 1944. Already in the band were Dizzy Gillespie and Charlie Parker, Davis was taken on his third trumpet for a couple of weeks because of the illness of Buddy Anderson. When the band left town Davis had no choice but to stay behind and continue his studies.

These same studies would take him to New York City and a scholarship at the Juilliard school of music. Study however, became secondary because in New York he came into contact with and was introduced to the music of Charlie Parker. It was this meeting more than anything else that would set the direction of his music for many years to come.

Source by Murray Hubick

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