February 2020

As of right now there is no specific law in Massachusetts that protects an individual if they believe they were discriminated against in the work place as a result of being too fat or short. This type of discrimination can manifest itself in the form of wrongful termination, failure to promote or a failure to be hired.

Currently the Massachusetts General Laws regarding discrimination reads; It shall be an unlawful practice for an employer, to refuse to hire, employ, to bar or to discharge an individual from employment based on their race, color, religious creed, national origin, sex, sexual orientation, (which doesn’t include persons whose sexual orientation involves minor as the sexual object), genetic information and lastly their ancestry. It also states that the employer can’t discriminate against the individual for the following; individual compensation, or in terms, condition or privileges of employment, unless based upon a bona fide occupational qualification. Massachusetts General Laws c. 151B § 4.

Massachusetts has proposed an amendment to its civil rights and discrimination laws under Massachusetts General Laws c. 151B. As of now there is a pending bill before the state legislature that would make it unlawful for an employer to discriminate against an employee based on the employee’s weight or height. The law currently requires that a person who was terminated or treated unfairly in the workplace demonstrate that he/she was treated differently from another employees who holds either the same job title or holds a similar position in the workplace. Also under current law a person who is claiming that their weight or height is the basis of their discriminating factors must prove that their weight or height qualifies as a handicap disability, thereby substantially limiting a major life activity. Massachusetts courts have held that limiting ones ability to work qualifies as a major life activity.

If this proposed amendment is approved, Massachusetts would be only the second state in the nation, behind the Michigan to prohibit such discrimination. Although it should be noted that the District of Columbia bans discrimination on appearance and San Francisco and Santa Cruz, California, bar weight and height discrimination. This proposed bill comes as the Federal government released the latest statistics on the percentage of Americans that are obese, claiming that over 32% of Americans are obese as measured by their Body Mass Index (BMI).

Source by Ashley Gurdon

Surprisingly there are no qualifications a dentist can get in the UK for cosmetic dentistry. It has never been a specialized field in this country. This means that and any dentist can call himself a cosmetic dentist whether he is just a general dentist or truly an expert in the field. Dentists who wish to gain this level of expertise can do so through the American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry – the masters of the art of cosmetic dentistry. The AACD was founded back in the early eighties and is the most recognized specialist of the art. Dentists from all over the States and a handful from the UK attend their annual general sessions to pick up all the latest skills and techniques being used and what the best materials are. More recently the British Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry was founded as an affiliate of the American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry, aiming to promote clinical excellence in cosmetic dentistry in the UK. If you want to find one of the best cosmetic dentists, here are a few tips:

1] Get on the Internet if you have access. Go to several search engines and enter a search for 'cosmetic dentist', 'London cosmetic dentistry', 'perfect smile' etc. Most modern practices concerned with being at the forefront of cosmetic dentistry will have a website. The site should give you a good idea of ​​what they have available.

2] Find out if the dentists are members of the AACD and BACD. Members of these bodies will have much more knowledge on the subject than non-members. Equally important is the number of veneers a dentist may have fitted during his career in cosmetic dentistry.

3] Find out what the clinic's patients have to say about them. Is there a guest book of quotes from patients? Ask your dentist if any of his clients would be willing to talk to you about how they felt about having their teeth done. You'll feel much more relaxed knowing someone is happy with the cosmetic dental work carried out by the dentist you are considering to do your teeth.

4] A good cosmetic dentist will have a portfolio of his work. Ask the dentist to see his portfolio. This should take the form of actual photographs of his clients' before treatment and afterwards. Any dentist who is proud of his cosmetic work will want photographic evidence of it.

5] Does the dental practice use computer imaging? This is an excellent tool from the clients' point of view. It gives you the opportunity to see what you would look like first if you went ahead with treatment. You then have a photo of what the cosmetic work will look like. Although this could never be 100% accurate – it's pretty close. Not only that, it gives you the opportunity to explain to the dentist exactly how you would like your teeth to look – getting you what you want. The dentist's ability to provide you with a good imaging picture will give you a good idea of ​​how artistic he is naturally – this should follow through with his cosmetic dentistry.

6] A good cosmetic dentist will make up your new smile in wax for you to see on a 3d model – before they even pick up the drill! This is used so that you can see in advance what your new smile will look like and you can have changes made to it if you are unsure – before the real thing is made in porcelain.

Above all, make sure you are comfortable at the practice. You need to know that the dentist you are entrusting with your pearly whites is confident that the treatment he has outlined is going to be just as he says. You need to ask yourself:

a] Do you like the dentist and feel you could trust him? You may be taking a big step so make sure you have the right man for the job. Do you think he's going to be able to give you what you want? Anyone can have cosmetic dentistry done at most practices, but will the results be as anticipated?

b] Does he make you feel relaxed? If you are a nervous patient you will want to know that the dentist understands.

c] Are there any guarantees with the cosmetic dentistry? Good quality porcelain work should come with a guarantee. Ask your dentist what would happen if in 3 years time, you chipped a porcelain veneer he did for you.

d] What kind of 'aftercare' do you get? You should be advised on how best to look after your new smile – after all, it may have cost you a few bob, and you want to know that it will still look good years on.

Source by Gillian Martin

The fact is that a dentist can improve the whiteness and brightness of your smile. If you opt for this cosmetic treatment, your teeth will look better and you will feel more confident. Keep in mind that professional teeth whitening treatments are not permanent solutions, and you will need to get touch-ups periodically if you want to maintain your new look.

If you want the best results, you should think about visiting a dentist for an in-office teeth-whitening treatment. This procedure involves using peroxide gel, which is applied to the teeth by a professional. The peroxide usually remains on the teeth for 20-minute intervals that add up to 60 minutes or so. Those who have stubborn stains on the teeth may be advised to come back for an additional bleaching session. This procedure tends to cost about $ 400- $ 650, depending on your location and the dentists. Keep in mind that an in-office treatment involves using fast-acting, powerful hydrogen peroxide.

Some dentists also offer take-home kits for their patients. These kits cost less money and they are also very effective. Take-home kits involve using lower-concentration peroxide. The peroxide gel needs to stay on the teeth for at least an hour. The peroxide gel is applied using bleaching trays, which are custom-made to fit your teeth. These kits cost about $ 100- $ 400 with most dentists.

Before you choose a teeth-whitening procedure, consult with a few dentists. Find out what they have to offer. Find out what kind of results you will achieve and how long it will take for you to achieve it. You may be able to lighten your teeth by ten or more shades, so consult with the dentists about it.

In order to maintain your new look make sure you brush and floss after meals. Avoid dark-colored beverages and foods for a week or so. Whenever possible, drink sodas and coffee with straws. You can use over-the-counter bleaching products and whitening toothpastes periodically to maintain your new look. You can also maintain your new smile with teeth whitening rinses. These rinses freshen the breath and they help reduce gum disease and plaque. They also contain hydrogen peroxide, so they do lighten the teeth. Manufacturers say that it takes about 3 months to see results with teeth whitening rinses. You may also want to consider visiting your dentist for additional treatments every year or so.

Keep in mind that some people should stay away from teeth whitening procedures. Bleaching isn't recommended for children who are younger than 16. People who have sensitive gums and teeth or receding gums should consult with a dentist before undergoing a teeth-whitening treatment. Anyone who is allergic to peroxide should avoid this procedure. Individuals who have cavities, exposed roots, and gum disease should also avoid undergoing teeth whitening procedures. Cavities and tooth decay need to be treated before getting this procedure done.

Source by Abigail Aaronson

Penis sensitivity is something most men simply take for granted. They know that when their penis is touched and stroked (whether by a partner or by themselves), their body experiences the tremendous sensations that make sex so exciting and enjoyable. Clearly, penis sensitivity is crucial for a man’s sex life and he will want to be sure he maintains excellent penis health in order to help maintain a proper level of penis sensation. And it may be that some surprising factors – such as diet – can have an impact in this area.

Penis sensitivity

Why is the penis so prone to extreme sensations anyway? For the same reason that any part of the body demonstrates a tendency to react to stimulation: nerves. The neural network runs throughout the body. Nerve endings are near the surface of the skin and they pick up stimulation – a touch on the arm, a kick in the pants, a stroking of the penis – and send a signal back to the brain that something is going on. The brain sends a signal back so that a man turns around to the touch on the arm, yells “Ouch” to the kick in the pants, and sighs and moans at the stroking of the penis.

The penis tends to have many more nerve endings per square inch than other parts of the body. Because penis skin is so thin (especially when the penis is erect and the skin is stretched out), those nerve endings are more receptive to stimulation – thus the higher degree of penis sensitivity compared to other parts of the body.

Because of that sensitivity and the pleasure it affords, men really like to have their penis fondled. Sometimes, though, when a man is in pursuit of orgasm through penile stimulation, he may find himself in situations where the all-important friction is a little too much. Perhaps he is engaging in intercourse without appropriate lubrication or he’s furiously masturbating with a grip that is extremely tight. Short term, these activities produce the desired result – a tremendous orgasm – but over time, they may “mute” the degree of sensitivity in the organ. When that happens, there’s a somewhat “deadened” sensation that can interfere with a guy’s sexual enjoyment.


So why should what a guy eats have any effect on how sensitive his penis is? Basically because what we eat has an effect on all parts of our bodies and lives – including the penis. Research has indicated that diets with vitamins B12 and E, as well as folate, help increase sensitivity all over. So if a man has reduced penis sensitivity, he may want to up his intake of these nutrients.

What foods are good for vitamins B12 and E and folate? Lots of dairy products contain B12, as do many kinds of seafood – and liver is especially high in B12. Meanwhile, spinach is a winner for both folate and vitamin E. Folate is also found in many other green vegetables, as well as citrus fruits. And vitamin E is abundant in many nuts (almonds, peanuts, pine nuts) and oils (olive oil, wheat germ oil, etc.), as well as trout and salmon.

Meanwhile, avoiding fatty foods is good for penis sensitivity. Cholesterol dampens nerve endings, so watch those high-fat foods, especially when eating red meat.

Diet can help maintain penis sensitivity, but more help may be required. That’s where regularly using a first rate penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin) comes in handy. Select a crème that contains L carnitine, an amino acid with neuroprotective properties and can help restore loss of sensation. It also helps if the crème contains L-arginine, an ingredient which helps produce the nitric oxide that keeps penis blood vessels open and flowing.

Source by John Dugan

Tax savings depend on many different aspects of the sale of the dental practice and are not automatic tax savings in every practice sale. It should be noted there may be state tax laws that may apply where a dental practice transition occurs. It should also be noted that tax laws are subject to change, and there are some tax laws that existed ten years ago that do not exist today or have significantly changed and can have a significant tax impact in the sale of your practice.

No two dental practice sales are the same and require specific understanding and application of the tax laws. Your tax advisor must understand your needs and goals in order to apply specific tax planning in your transaction.

Tax strategies when selling your practice

I will highlight several tax strategies when selling your dental practice. This represents a summary and cannot address all issues under each particular strategy or all the strategies that may be considered.

1. Familiarize yourself with the tax considerations in an asset sale of a dental practice and the allocations assigned to the particular assets being sold. There are several categories into which the assets are allocated. Some are taxed as ordinary income. My esteemed colleague Roy R. Rice, CPA, published an excellent article on this topic in the November 2007 issue of Dental Economics. Both Seller and Purchaser must agree on these allocations and file IRS form 8594.

2. Most transitions require signing a covenant-not-to-compete. Such covenants are designed specifically to "[accompany] the transfer of goodwill and serve the primary purpose of assuring the purchaser of the beneficial enjoyment of the goodwill." Revenue Ruling 65-180 provides that if the covenant-not-to-compete serves to preserve the transfer of the goodwill to the purchaser, and assuming the value of the covenant and goodwill cannot be determined, you may be entitled to treat the entire amount as a sale of goodwill.

3. In limited circumstances the sale of the practice will be the sale of your stock in your corporation. Such sales are entirely subject to capital gains.

4. If you are a corporation (C-corp.), And have not made the S-election, then you should structure the sale to attribute all of the goodwill to be paid to you in your individual capacity as the doctor shareholder having the goodwill with the patients. Such strategy avoids the double tax that can occur in a C-corp.

5. If you are going to take a note from the purchaser for a part of the sales price, be sure you understand how an installment sale works.

6. If you own assets outside of your corporation, such as fully depreciated equipment or similar assets you may consider gifting some or all of these assets to family to minimize tax consequences.

7. If you are planning to stay in the practice for a period of time after the sale, you may consider using a retirement plan to shelter part of the sale.

8. If you are a C-corp. and know you will be practicing at least 10 years before you sell, you should consider making an S-corp. election to avoid any double taxation.

9. Before you terminate your corporation after the sale of your practice, consult your CPA to evaluate your tax consideration.

10. If you own your building there are several considerations that may reduce your taxation: the use of a family limited partnership and gifting a percentage interests to family members before the sale. There are available charitable giving options you may consider. There is also the use of tax-free like kind exchange rules.

Due to space constraints I'm not able to set forth the table of tax treatment for the various assets and strategies. For those interested in receiving this table of tax treatment for Sellers and Purchasers, please email me and I will be happy to send you a copy.

Source by Frank J Brown

Emergency dental treatment is something that everyone requires at one time or another. Did you know that some health and dental plans do not cover emergency dentist treatments or care? Emergency treatment is generally only available for the immediate relief of pain. Emergency dental treatment is a very important matter and waiting for the next day to see a regular dentist can make it harder to fix your dental problems.

Pain is one of the reasons people go to the dentist. A painful tooth can be triggered by hot or cold food and drinks. Pain involving these parts of the mouth, even when minor, can indicate a severe underlying problem that could worsen with time. It is important to contact a dentist as soon as possible for a professional evaluation to minimize damage to the teeth, gums, and supporting bone.

Attending an emergency dentist at the first sight of pain ensures your teeth can be protected and further damage limited. Some treatments can ensure your mouth is thoroughly protected while any procedures are taking place through the use of a dental dam. After any dental procedures are completed you might feel some degree of sensitivity to cold as well as hot foods and drinks where in the past you did not have this sensation.

Dental pain relief can also come in several methods and one of the most common is through using a nitrous oxide gas or intra venous sedation. Teeth can be filled with gold; porcelain; silver amalgam (which consists of mercury mixed with silver, tin, zinc, and copper); or tooth-colored, plastic and glass materials called composite resin fillings. The location and extent of the decay, cost of filling material, patients’ and insurance coverage will of course have an effect on the overall costs of treatment.

Oral pain can bring anxiety to almost every sufferer. Dental treatments that require incision and drilling bring too much worry as well. Oral examinations, x-rays and checkups are done to ensure a proper treatment plan is drawn and executed and the dental diagnosis determines what types of treatments and how an individual patient case is to be treated.

In terms of Crowns, these strengthen and protect remaining tooth structure and improve the appearance of your teeth. Root canal treatment consists of removing the nerve that lies within the root of the tooth. Crowns and veneers are generally permanent solutions, so it is important that you discuss the treatment with an emergency dentist before making a decision.

When discussing childrens teeth it is worth remembering that teeth are some of your children’s most important possessions. How you look after their teeth from the time they are babies will make a difference to how they grow and how healthy they are so start as you mean to continue, and hopefully, they will never require the services of an Emergency Dentist.

Source by Susan Vega

What are Dental Pulp Stem Cells (DPSCs)?

The soft living tissue inside the tooth is known as dental pulp. Stem cells present here are named as DPSCs. These are pluripotent and have the potential to differentiate into a variety of cell types.

Where are DPSCs found?

The best DPSCs are present in baby teeth or milk teeth, especially in the upper and lower canines and incisors. Research has shown DPSCs are also present in wisdom tooth of young adults.

DPSCs from the milk teeth are 'mesenchymal' type of cells. They have the ability to differentiate into variety of cell types including – chondrocytes, osteoblasts and adipocytes.

What are the potential uses of DPSCs?

DPSCs play a vital role in regenerative stem cell therapy of many degenerative and life threatening conditions. They have a wide range of potential therapeutic application.

Cardio Myocytes : Aid to repair damaged cardiac tissue following a heart attack.

Neuronal : Generate nerve and brain tissue.

Myocytes : Repair muscle tissue.

Osteocytes : They have the ability to generate bone.

Chondrocytes : They have the ability to generate cartilage, which would have an important role in the treatment of arthritis and joint injuries.

Adipocytes : Generate fat tissue.

Thus DPSCs can generate hard structures of the body such as bone, new dental tissue, cartilage and muscle.

What is stemcell harvesting?

It is a process of collection and preservation of DPSCs. They are frozen and stored at stem c ell bank, with appropriate labeling, using cryopreservation technology to maintain their viability, on retrieval in future.

Collection – A Dentist extracts the tooth packs it in a dental sampling kit and sends it to laboratory facility for further processing.

Isolation – The dental pulp, containing the stem cells is isolated by breaking open the tooth and the stem cells are extracted. These are tested for sterility and quality control (assessment of their viability).

Cryopreservation – If they pass the viability assessment, they will be stored cryogenically. The DPSCs are frozen by keeping the levy at a temperature of -150 C (-238 F) in liquid nitrogen.

What is unique about DPSCs banking?

DPSCs banking has the following advantages which are one of its kind:

  • The time period for banking healthy DPSCs is wide, since it can be done for children in the age group of 5-12 years and also for adults whose wisdom tooth is to be extracted.
  • Their collection from the pulp of the tooth is easy, painless, quick, highly efficient, with no ethical complications, as it involves a simple process of extraction of the tooth.
  • DPSCs are non-controversial adult stem cells, unlike those with embryonic origin, the source of which involves ethical issues.
  • DPSCs have demonstrated interactivity with biomaterials, making them ideal for tissue reconstruction.

Source by Dr.

What is a discount dental plan?

Discount dental plans are plans designed for individuals, families, and groups who are looking to get a deal and save money on their dental care needs. The dentists and dental care providers who are participating in these plans have agreed to accept a lower fee than they would otherwise charge from their members as payment in full for the services they perform. As a plan member you simply show your membership card when visiting a participating dentist to receive the discounted fees.

What is the difference between discount dental plans and insurance plans?

To be eligible for a dental insurance plan, you have to actually apply, be eligible and be approved for the insurance. Potential members with ongoing health problems may be denied insurance, or have such high premiums that the dental insurance is not worth the trouble. Moreover, dental insurance plans have annual limits as well as deductibles that may limit the benefits you can derive one from the insurance plan. Another advantage of a dental plan over dental insurance is that you are able to receive a discount for procedures that are not usually covered by dental insurance, such as teeth whitening.

How do discount dental plans for groups and businesses work?

Businesses can offer their employees many money-saving dental care options without offering insurance and the high overhead costs it entails. In this way employees can choose their plans that fit their individual needs and have no annual limits. Also since it is a plan and not an insurance there are no health restrictions and no paperwork hassles that come with insurances. Needless to say these type of plans provide employers with a cheaper alternative to group dental insurance with all the hassles that brings with it. Dental care plans are available to groups of all sizes, including retirees, part-time workers and employees uninsured defendants compared to insurance. Moreover both the employer and the employees can save substantial amounts of money by reducing payroll taxes since many dental care plans qualify under section 125 cafeteria plans of the tax code.

Why would dentists accept to participate in discount dental plans?

Dentists can reach more patients, retain them, and also reactivate them by using a discount dental plan. Their dental practice can offer a viable solution to those patients who are under-insured or those who have no dental insurance at all. Dentists can reach more patients by bringing in the new patients by inviting them to take advantage of the potential savings that are offered by such plans. Dentists can also retain their patients by offering a solution to them that would otherwise be unaffordable without a discount on their services. Moreover dentists can motivate idle patients to sign up for new treatments or continue their treatment program by offering the significant savings through the plan. This would translate into increased revenue for the dentists because they receive payment directly from the patients rather than have to wait for the insurance company to pay them. They also avoid a lot of hassle and paperwork that dental insurance plans bring with them. Also they avoid the risk of the insurance company postponing payment or refusing to pay them.

How do I find a discount dental plan?

There are plenty of online companies to offer discount dental plans depending on your location within the United States. The first step is to find one of these companies. Usually you would be asked to enter your ZIP code so that the website can find participating plans and participating dentists in your area. Thus, you will then be shown a listing of all participating dental plans and dentists in your area from which you can choose you would be able to see the yearly membership rates for an individual and family, and also the earliest activation date of the plan which is usually one or two days from the present day.

You will also be able to see the plan features and highlights as well as a sample plan savings for a variety of dental procedures. For example, you might find that a root canal treatment for a molar may cost $ 1100 without the dental plan, however you would receive a savings of more than $ 500 if you participate in the plan so that you end up being around $ 600.

Discounts usually vary between 30% and 60% for any given dental procedure. It's important to note that plan savings are based on geographical areas so that the fee schedules and savings will vary between two areas within a city, or between two states. Also, fees and discounts will vary between different providers within the same ZIP code. Once you sign up you will receive a welcome letter and your membership card as well as support and contact documentation.

Source by Chris MacClintock

For those of us that have a boiler, either at our home or in our place of business, we rely on them to be up and running on a regular basis. Whenever something should happen to go wrong, we would be looking for superior boiler repair in order to make sure that the problem does not recur on a regular basis. This is typically hired out to an outside company, and regardless of whether you have a Vallant, Munchkin or other type of boiler, there is going to be a crew that is available that will work specifically on it.

There may be times when ever superior boiler repair would necessitate that you get in touch with the manufacturer in order to find somebody that works on that specific type of boiler. Most of the nation wide boiler companies will have crews that are certified to work on your boiler in the area. Although it may be possible for another company to take care of the problem for you, there may also be issues with them working on it that would negate your warranty. Always make sure that you look into the options that are available to you for superior boiler repair, and make sure that you choose one that will not cause you problems down the road.

Of course, it is going to be easy for you to find a contractor that will be able to work on your boiler if you're in a larger area, such as the Dallas commercial area. Being on the outskirts of town, or being an out in an out-of-the-way place, on the other hand, could cause some delays before you're able to get your boiler fixed. That is why many larger companies that rely on their boiler being up and running at all times are now hiring full-time crews in order to do routine maintenance on the boiler and to troubleshoot any problems that may be occurring. Although they may need to be certified by the boiler company, this is not always going to be the case.

In looking at some of the boiler manufacturer websites, such as Munchkin and Vaillant, we found that their Internet website provides you with ready access to information about having service done on the boiler. There may be numbers that you can call which can give you service information, and qualified advice or it might be possible for you to contact a certified maintenance professional for that company. Regardless, you will be insured of superior boiler repair whenever it is done through the proper channels.

It always helps to explore your options as well. For example, if something should happen to go wrong with your boiler and you are unable to get it back up and running again, you may need to consider a commercial lease. As was mentioned earlier, it also helps to have a maintenance staff available that will take care of the boilers and keep you and your business up and running as a result. For those of us that depend on our boilers day in and day out, this can really provide some peace of mind.

Source by Rupert Smith

Want to find clothes from the movies to add to your wardrobe or give as a gift? Well, you are not alone. This new fashion trend is really catching on in larger cities, metro areas, and even some smaller towns as available clothing suppliers and the internet enables the demand for specific types of clothing, outfits, and individual garments to be met. To find clothes seen in a movie, the most important thing is to know as much about the movie as possible.

Your first stop on this hunt might be the IMDB (The Internet Movie Database) where you can look up your favorite move or actor. By doing this research first you can uncover all the important information about the film you want to buy clothes from. For example, let’s say you watched Sling Blade and wanted to find the hat worn by Doyle Hardgraves or the shirt worn by Vaughan. In these cases, you might not know the names of the actors or when the film was made. The Internet Movie Database at can provide all of this info and much more!

Once you know which actor you want to dress like and which movie he or she was in, you can then try searching online to find out more about the available designers and clothing stores that provide this very specific type of service. These types of websites usually allow you to search by actor, film, or fashion type. You can usually even just search the most recent additions to their supply.

Whether you are searching for designer clothes, sunglasses, hats, shoes, dresses, coats, jackets, or other accessories worn by famous actors and actresses in the movies, you can find exactly what you are looking for online!

This new fashion trend is a great way to expand your wardrobe. If you want to dress like Seth Rogen in Knocked Up or Don Cheadle in Crash or George Clooney in Ocean’s 13, you can do it easily now via the Internet and sites like and that help you do this!

Source by David Vindiola

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