October 2020

Have you ever thought about the difference between desert and dessert-just one small “s” but oh such different images come to mind. Lemon pie, chocolate chip cookies, German chocolate cake-gooey, rich, yummy, comforting food vs a dry, hot, thirsty, empty,lonely, barren landscape.

Our day to day habits are often like dessert-comforting and gooey, hard on the arteries but so difficult to change until change is thrust upon you. Then comes a layoff, a medical diagnosis, a breakup of a relationship, a death of someone close to you, or a “crisis of meaning” in your life. Suddenly you are dropped in the Desert. You despair.

• You don’t know yourself. You feel lost, abandoned and confused.

• Your sense of time changes

• Food loses its appeal

• You can’t sleep

• You can’t focus. You wander aimlessly. What the bleep has happened to your life?

These in-between times -the space after one trapeze and before catching the next- seem like forever and torturous. And the world is impatient for you to get on with your life. Get back on track! It is frightening to those around you to see you lost because they depend on you.

So what is happening in this Desert? It seems like nothing is happening, yet there is more than meets the eye. I lived for 2 years on the Mojave Desert and discovered an amazing amount of plant and animal life in this ecosystem. I was shocked to see the Desert come alive one Spring-with endless rolling hills of beautiful wild flowers. It was gorgeous— I had no idea!

When you find yourself in your desert there is a lot going on beneath the surface. Old ways of thinking, believing, and behaving are getting de-constructed-making space for the new. Just like a house remodel-you have to tear down before you can rebuild. You are letting go of old ways of being -that don’t have the same meaning anymore. This takes time, it takes quiet, it takes wandering, it takes “feeling the emptiness” that carves out space for something new to come.

Don’t rush it or let yourself be rushed:

• Treat yourself lovingly during this passageway between your past and your future.

• Rest when you need to rest, sleep when you are tired

• Eat when hungry

• Listen to music, take walks, write when words come

• Know there won’t be much structure in your life for a while.

These times “off the treadmill” in my life seem to trigger old songs from my past and old memories of what I enjoyed as a child. I find my heart opening and I discover parts of myself that I had long forgotten. The desert times are hidden “dessert”. They will help you bring the true richness and meaning you need in your life-that often gets lost in the day to day rush. Trust that these times are necessary and critical to assist you in truly understanding who you are and where you want to go next. And the bonus is: this dessert won’t go to your waistline!

Source by Maureen Daniek

Cosmetic dentistry is a branch of dentistry that mainly deals with the aesthetic aspect of the face. It employs various dental techniques to improve the appearance of the teeth and give you a beautiful smile. It is becoming more sought after these days. Millions of people across the globe undergo cosmetic dental procedures on a regular basis.

Cosmetic dentistry is different from normal dentistry as its main emphasis is on beauty. General dentistry deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of various conditions that can affect our teeth to function properly. Conversely, cosmetic dentistry deals mainly with external appearance. Nevertheless, there can also be improvement in functionality of the teeth after performing cosmetic procedures, but this is not the main goal.

Many in the field of dentistry do not consider cosmetic procedures as a separate field of dentistry. For example, professional organizations such as the American Dental Association do not view cosmetic procedures as a separate field. Dental colleges also do not offer separate specialization degrees in cosmetic dentistry. However, cosmetic dentistry is just an amalgam of various dental techniques aimed at making the person more beautiful. It is not a separate field.

Cosmetic dental procedures are usually very costly. They can cost anywhere from thousands to several hundred-thousand dollars. The cost will depend on the condition that is being treated, the fees charged by the dentist, material costs and other overhead costs. One of today’s major disadvantages is insurance companies do not provide coverage for cosmetic procedures. You have to pay all the fees on your own.

There are also certain ethical questions that arise with cosmetic dentistry. Not everyone in even advanced countries is able to afford basic quality healthcare and we are not even talking about the Third World countries as it’s is even worse there. But if taken into consideration, is it really justifiable to spend thousands of dollars on improving just the superficial appearance?

Whether to go for cosmetic dental procedures or not will depend on your personal choice. If you believe it is justifiable to spend money to make you more beautiful then cosmetic dental procedures are always an option.

Source by Rob Art

Wild and majestic, the Glacier National Park is a vast preserve that overwhelms visitors and beckons them with its stunning mountain peaks – many of which are covered with glaciers for the whole year round.

The Glacier Park is considered by many to be a wild gem in the Rocky Mountains in Montana by the Canadian border. The glacier park is renowned for its abundant wildlife and fabulous scenery. The verdant glacier trails attract hikers from all around the world and the sheer diversity of its animal and plant life is truly a walk in paradise.

History of Glacier National Park

Glacier National Park is named after the slow-moving glaciers that shape breathtaking valleys throughout this beautiful region of nearly 1 million acres.

The Glacier National owes its existence to the persistent efforts of George Bird Grinnell, co-founder of the Audubon Society and 19-century magazine publisher. He lobbied hard for a park to be developed in the St. Mary‘s region of Montana and in the month of May 1910, his efforts for a park were rewarded. Some 20 years later, the glacier park along with its neighbor from the north, Waterton Lakes National Park in Canada became Glacier-Waterton International Peace Park, a gesture of friendship and goodwill between the two countries.

Beautiful scenery and wildlife

Glacier N. P. is a place full of wonder and magic and is often referred to as ‘The Crown of the Continent’. It is easily one of the most spectacular areas in the United States.

The mountain horns, arêtes, cirques, moraines and hanging valleys, all carved meticulously by ancient glaciers are a sharp contrast to the huge area of land below. Equally fascinating as the present day scenery of the G. N. P., is its geographical history.

The ideal vacation place

Glacier Park is known for its breathtaking delicate scenery and pristine air. The Park weather offers families a wonderful opportunity for an unforgettable and special vacation. The glacier weather can be wonderfully enjoyed by taking an adventure trail along the Going to the Sun Road that offers an unrivalled view of the majestic mountain scenery.

Glacier National Park offers unparalleled majestic scenery and the chance to see a full line-up of wildlife. The glacier park has spectacular alpine scenery that can be understood only when one stands in the middle of the green trees aside crystal clear water.

Anyone who has visited the Glacier National Park will unquestionably tell you that it is one of the most overwhelming and magnificent national parks in the United States.

Simply put, it is impossible to not fall in love with Glacier National Park.

Did you know?

An interesting fact that most people are not aware about Glacier Park is that the grizzly bear is the unofficial mascot in this area.

Visit the Glacier National Park now!

With more than a million acres of wildlife, pristine scenery and adventure, it is the ideal vacation destination, which is impossible to forget and hard to leave. For any reason you are still in doubt about the beauty of the Park, please free to check the glacier webcam. We are sure after you view the beauty of the park through the glacier webcam, you will definitely change your mind!

Park—The-Ideal-Vacation-Place&id=2482335″>Source by Jer Thompson

Medical transcription has many areas of specialization and dentistry transcription is a specialized transcription service. Transcription here refers to converting of audio files into text files by specialist transcriptionists who have developed the skill in the art of listening to medical dictations and instantly typing into a computer the exact words uttered by the dentists / dental surgeons. Dental transcription specialist may get transcription work dentists may be located locally or be from any global location in the world. By definition dentistry is a specialized medical branch devoted to the study, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the oral cavity, the maxillofacial region, and its associated structure.

What are the various dental reports that are transcribed by specialists? They include,

  • History and Physical Reports
  • Consultation Reports
  • Chart Notes
  • Progress Reports
  • Laboratory Reports
  • Clinic Notes
  • Research Reports
  • Discharge Summaries
  • Nowadays medical transcription uses cutting edge technologies like digital dictation, internet technologies, voice recognition and the like to very efficiently transcribe documents/ dictations. Outsourcing of dental transcription has also been a very common phenomenon. As good dentists are always in demand and getting a prior appointment from any dentist is not so easy one need not emphasis the point that a dentist’s time is very important. Thus outsourcing of all transcription to transcription professionals is the best option for dentists who can save time and money in the process.

    Other service advantages of outsourcing dental transcription works to countries like India on a regular basis include,

  • 24 hr service
  • Reliability of quality (99% efficiency)
  • Telephone dictations
  • Great savings
  • HIPPAA compliance
  • Encrypted transmission of document
  • Non-disclosure agreements
  • Low turnaround time (TAT)
  • Free trial
  • High security levels
  • Favorable time difference
  • Source by Ricci Mathew

    Gas is very convenient and necessary, but it can also be very dangerous. It makes it very important to ensure that you have proper gas fitting services in your new home or commercial building. The services are also very important if you are remodeling your house or simply having an upgrade. Professional gas fitters will offer you the quality services you deserve to keep safety levels high within your property. Some of the fitting tasks you can enjoy from the professionals include the following.

    · Gas appliance installation, repairs, maintenance and conversions

    · Repairs and installation of gas flue pipes

    · Installation of gas bottle pigtails, gas lines, regulators and changeover valves

    · Gas pressure adjustments

    · Gas detection systems installations

    · Gas meter and valve installation and

    · Leak repairs and testing

    Every gas fitting task comes with its risks, hence the importance of having only professionals take care of your needs. There are factors you simply can’t ignore when choosing gas fitters and expecting quality and affordable services.

    1. Licensing

    Remember that in some areas different gas fitting work types call for different endorsements. Asking for a license from your gas fitter gives you the chance to ensure that he is truly entitled to handle the specific gas work you have a need for. Licensing is also important to give you the assurance that you are working with fitters with the ability to offer quality result without exposing you or themselves to gas dangers.

    2. Qualification

    Sometimes gas fitting goes hand in hand with plumbing, especially in areas such as gas hot water systems and it makes a fitter qualified and licensed for both plumbing trade and gas fitting most ideal. Some fitters deal with specific tasks and can handle different gas projects and you also want to consider what your fitter is qualified for. Qualification coupled with experience will without doubt fetch you great results with your fitting and plumbing needs. It saves you from the need to move from one fitter to another to have a single project complete. You are actually better off relying on one fitter who understands your system from the initial stages.

    3. Tools of the trade

    They are some of the things that can tell you how good the fitter is for the gas fitting project you have. You can find out how well equipped the fitter is by asking questions on the required fitting and asking him how he will go about the installation, repair or maintenance process. A good fitter won’t hesitate to give you details on how it will be done. A fitter who is willing to even take you through the process and teach you a few things about gas and gas fitting sure has everything in check and is reliable and trustworthy. Your aim should be to get the best fitter and enjoy affordable rates on services received. You can compare prices with other fitting companies or fitters so you are sure to get affordable and quality fitting services from your fitter.

    Source by Jovia D’Souza

    Maybe you are one of the people asking how can I get my ex back. After a breakup this thought never leaves your mind for long, it can disturb your sleep, it can prevent you from working and it certainly can leave you feeling lost and confused.

    But if you apply a method where you wipe the slate clean you will have taken the first step to winning back your lost love. It is important to remember that in this process the first steps have to be very small, yet they are absolutely crucial.

    Get this wrong and you could be on your own for good.

    The clean slate method is a simple apology. You can deliver this face-to-face or you could even write a note. Best not to send this in an e-mail or leave a voice message as you want it to be more personal than normal.

    When you apologise you must own up and take responsibility for your mistakes, never say ‘I am sorry, but….’ as this just sounds like you are making excuses and it will only push you further away from your ex.

    Instead say something like ‘I owe you a huge apology. The way I act it was wrong and I know I must have really hurt you. There’s no excuse I’m sorry’.

    That’s it, say no more, keep it short and sweet. This step is all about wiping the slate clean, or you want to do is let your ex know you have taken responsibility for any actions that may have caused the breakup.

    So if you are thinking how can I get my ex back, then this is the first foundation you need to lay on the road to relationship recovery.

    Source by Richard Jameson

    Nowadays, commercial cleaning services are rendered by innumerable organizations which serve hospitals, schools, warehouses, industry premises, automotive shops, retail outlets, aged care centers and churches & other places of worship. People choose to benefit from these contract services since it allows them to hire professional neatening personnel who hold expertise in conducting the requisite task. These services are quite inexpensive and provide the company owners with a spotless office premises at all instances. The cleaning plan, viz. the activity, frequency and time period, is devised by the clients and the service provider by liaising with each other.

    Apart from carrying out industrial garden maintenance, landscaping activities, personnel from renowned firms carry out the following as part of their job:

    • Removing rubbish
    • Dusting
    • Desk cleaning
    • Vacuuming
    • Disinfecting restroom, kitchen and telephone handsets
    • Collecting trash
    • Mopping
    • Cleaning lunchroom
    • Removing finger marks from glass surfaces
    • Wiping
    • Making main entrance spotless
    • Thoroughly cleaning all toilet areas
    • High pressure cleaning
    • Stripping & sealing hard floor
    • Tea Towel Service
    • Recycling
    • Laundering services
    • Sweeping and maintaining car park
    • Window Cleaning
    • Pressure Cleaning
    • Graffiti Removal

    All these services are customized as per the clients’ requirements by the companies that execute these neatening operations. Apart from these, some clients also require grout cleaning, marble polishing, gum removal, upholstery cleaning, and wood floor refinishing jobs to be done. Commercial cleaning service providers render them depending upon their capabilities and the resources they have access to.

    While carrying out the requisite contract tidying up jobs, companies usually apply eco friendly chemicals and compounds. These ensure that the areas are clean in all respects and do not cause an adverse reaction and harm the environment. Also, waterless technologies are incorporated as much as possible by professional firms since scarcity of this basic commodity has made everyone environmentally sensitive. Industrial garden maintenance, landscaping tasks are the ones that demand the most water. Innovative organizations develop new ways to conserve the precious liquid and incorporate technologies that can maintain the consistency of quality yet save water as much as possible.

    Quality is of paramount importance for all organizations that render commercial cleaning services. In this regard, they formulate stringent quality control measures that the personnel adhere to in all instances. Also, the work executed by the team members is subjected to scrutiny by well qualified and experienced members of the staff. This even applies to high pressure cleaning, which requires hours of thorough inspection before being deemed compliant with preset standards

    The companies engaged in providing these commercial cleaning services make sure that all parts of the office are in spick and span condition. The professionals commissioned at offices and industries usually carry out the requisite tasks throughout the day, though this can vary with requirements of the clients. Also, the frequency of industrial garden maintenance, landscaping jobs changes drastically as the seasons change. For example, garden mowing is carried out on a weekly basis during summers but it is hardy done during winters.

    by-Professional-Firms&id=5649779″>Source by Alexis Alley

    Historians like to compare the Lewis-and-Clark 1804-1806 westward expedition to our modern-day astronaut’s first landing on the moon. Both accomplishments were difficult and proportionally similar. However, the 30-tons of supplies taken on the Corps-of-Discovery’s 28-month perilous journey to the Pacific Ocean and back helped it to succeed immensely.

    In particular, the preplanned gifts for the Indian tribes helped them deal with the natives honorably en route. Their other provisions for survival, defense, navigation, trade, entertainment, medication, and documentation, which are summarized below, also helped them succeed. Some of these supplies are listed below.


    • One 55-ft keelboat (shallow-draft freight type) having a 12-ton hold and 32-ft mast with square sail and 35 oars/push rods
    • Two pirogues (flat-bottomed canoe-shaped with oars and a small mast and square sail): one 41-ft red and one 39-ft white
    • One 36 x 4.5-ft collapsible metal boat frame to be assembled and covered with animal skins later in the trip.

    Because the keelboat was too large for much of the upper Missouri and other outlying rivers, it was returned to St. Louis with the current artifacts and written reports during the early spring of 1805. It was manned by a small crew. The metal boat frame was never used for the lack of a natural sealing pitch from pine trees. It was abandoned in a sunken cache near Great Falls, Montana. The corps used dugout canoes instead.

    Animals. Two horses (for riding on land, and for helping pull the keelboat upstream); one large Newfoundland retriever (Lewis’ personal dog named, Seaman, who aided the effort by retrieving game and by guarding the campsites at night).

    Scientific/navigational instruments. Surveyor’s compass, hand compasses, telescope, quadrant, sextants, thermometers, level, chronometer, magnet, microscope, line reel, parallel glass (for reading the horizon), oiled bags for keeping the instruments in, and paraphernalia for storing collected plant and animal specimens and Native American artifacts.

    Camping gear. Oiled canvases, waterproofing oil, nine tents, lanterns, 30 steels to make fires, flints, corn mill, tablespoons, tumblers, water flasks, fishing gear, drawing knives, whetstones, soap, cooking gear/utensils (brass/metal kettles/pots/pans, eating utensils), bedding gear, mosquito curtains, rope/cord/string, heavy sewing needles/thread, hanging hooks, flags, hogshead (large barrel), wooden boxes, kegs, oiled storage bags, lamps/lanterns, candle wicks/wax, candles, one box of friction matches, and one crewman’s personal fiddle (unofficially for campfire songs and entertainment).

    Gifts for the tribes (21 bales). Pocket mirrors, sewing needles with cases, awls, knitting pins, small scissors, sewing thread, thimbles, silk ribbons, buttons, scissors, ivory/iron combs, burning/magnifying glasses, bells, Chiefs bundles (containing high-quality items), lockets, broaches, rings, handkerchiefs, calico shirts, bright-colored textiles/cloth, curtain rings, brass wire, rolls/twists of tobacco, axes, tomahawk-pipes, knives, brass kettles, corn mills, brass strips, fishing gear, powdered Vermilion face paint, earrings, armbands, 33-lb colored glass beads, American flags, and specially made peace medals/certificates. The corps also traded other items with the tribes, including their own personal gear and, rarely, arms and ammunition.

    Tools (all kinds). Pliers, chisels, handsaws, buck-saws, two-man lumberjack saws, hatchets, axes, scrapers, shears, planes, cutting tools, augers, hand drills, whetstones, hammers, nails, squares, chain, files/rasps, anvil and bellows-forge with accompanying blacksmithing tools, spirit level, tape measure, English wood set, gold scales, iron weights, grease/oil, iron corn mill.

    During their journey, the corps built two stockade forts for their winter encampments: 1) Fort Mandan, North Dakota, 1804, and 2) Fort Clatsop, Oregon coast, 1805. They also built carts for transporting their goods around waterfalls and rapids, and they made several dugout/burned-out canoes for navigating the rivers and streams.


    Forty day menu (kept on board).1200-lb parchmeal, 800-lb common meal, 1600-lb hulled corn, 3400-lb flour, 560-lb biscuit mix, 750-lb salt, 3700-lb salt pork, 50-lb coffee, 2-lb tea, 100-lb dried beans/peas, 112-lb sugar, 750-lb salt, 100-lb hogs lard, 600-lb cooking grease, 30-gal wine, 120-gal whiskey (to get them to the point of no return), 193-lb portable soup mix (boiled-down paste of meat, eggs, and vegetables). The portable soup was eaten only as a last resort when no other food was obtainable.

    Obtained en route. Fruit (apples, cherries, raspberries, plums, grapes, currants, pawpaws), vegetables (squash, greens, melons, leeks/onions, artichokes, licorice, roots, greens, wappatos, white apples), meat (hundreds of fish/salmon, deer, elk, bison, antelope, bighorn sheep, bear, beaver, otter, duck/geese/brant, coot/plover, grouse, pheasant, turkey, squirrel, rabbit, wolf, dog, and colt/horse), and traded-for bear grease. It’s been estimated the corps took about 2000 fowl and land animals for their meat and skins, which was a minuscule amount compared to the huge animal populations then.

    Extra clothing. Flannel/linen shirts, coats, frocks, shoes, boots, woolen pants and coveralls, blankets, knapsacks, stockings, and a few dress uniforms. Later in the journey, the crew made their own moccasins and buckskin clothing when their own wore out, or were traded to the natives.

    Arms/ammunition. Brass cannon (swivel-mounted on the keelboat’s bow), four blunderbusses (large shotguns: one mounted on each side of the keelboat, and one on each pirogue), 15 Model-1803 muzzle-loading 0.54 caliber flint-lock rifles with slings, four pistols, several swords, espontoons (pointed walking sticks also used as spears/gun-rests), 500 musket flints, spare parts for muskets, 420-lb sheet lead for bullets, 200-lb of gun/rifle powder packed in sealed lead canisters, powder horns and pouches, hunting/outdoor knives, one long-barreled compressed-air repeating rifle, and the personal knives, rifles, and firearms of the crew, including Lewis’ dueling pistols. The repeating rifle was used mostly for show and demonstration among the tribes, not for hunting small game.

    Medicine/medical supplies. (kept in walnut/pine chests) 600 Dr. Rush pills (laxatives), lancets (surgical knives), forceps (tongs), syringes, tourniquets, small dental/medical instruments, bleeding implements, tin canisters, glass-stoppered tincture bottles, 1300 doses of physic (cathartic), 1100 doses of emetic (vomiting), 3500 doses of diaphoretic (sweat inducer), other drugs, like, laudanum (a tincture of opium), mercury, nitrate salts, powdered barks/herbs, ointments, and other salts for blisters, boils, ache/pain, sores, sunburn, worms, and for increased saliva and urine output.

    Books. Botany, history, mineralogy, nautical astronomy, natural science, almanac, large dictionary, Linnaeus classification of plants, requisite tables for longitude/latitude, and an early map of the Missouri River.

    Writing/drafting implements. Pencils, quills, powered ink, brass ink stands, crayons, drafting/plotting tools, leather-covered writing journals, writing/map paper, draft/receipt booklets, oilskin bags to store records in, candles for writing at night, and sealing wax.

    These vast supplies propelled the corps through several outdoor difficulties to the Pacific Ocean with high successes. However, while wintering there near the mouth of the Columbia River, their supplies and trade goods had dwindled. Portions of them had been

    1. consumed en route
    2. left behind in caches for their return trip if not spoiled
    3. traded-off with the Indian tribes.

    In particular, they ran out of colored beads, often prized by the native tribes. So, they traded the metal buttons from their remaining uniforms and clothing instead. They also started making their own salt from the sea water. In short, the provisions on their return journey would be much scantier than what they had departed with on their outbound one.

    Because this situation was precarious, the corps rationed their goods on the return trip. They probably avoided certain tribes they were indebted to as well. Then, after arriving back in the North-Dakota plains where their earlier winter fort was located, they settled-up and parted with one of their interpreters and his wife, Sacagawea. Besides a cash settlement for them, the corps gave them their no-longer-needed blacksmithing gear.

    Shortly after that, they gave the brass cannon from the keelboat, which had been stored in one of the caches, to a tribal chief nearby, hoping to coax him into returning to the states with them. He turned the invitation down. But they found another chief, who with his family, would accompany the corps back St Louis and the states.

    Needless to say, except for their collected animal furs and skins, the corps came home much less supplied than when they departed 28-months earlier. In retrospect, their west-coastal winter encampment and their return journey home could have gone better if they had been able to replenish their tradable goods while near the ocean and Columbia River, possibly from a foreign merchant ship.

    Trade ships had landed there before. The coastal tribes were familiar with them, and were well equipped with metal pots and pans, early model muskets, and sailors clothing. A government draft signed by Lewis would have paid for these goods. Yet, few ships, if any, seemed to come that way during their wintertime stay there. For more detailed information on their preparation for this journey, see these sites.

    Source by J Delms

    Organic fertilizers are the first thing that comes to mind when thinking of green and gardening. Green gardening takes on a whole new dimension when applying “repurposing” to the mix. I love to garden. Through the years I have developed methods that have naturally evolved into a Green approach with little effort.

    I live in a townhouse that allows homeowners to tend to their own garden beds; if they so wish. My gardening area is approximately 125 square feet of growing space but is extended with containers on the porch and deck.

    This article makes suggestions or recommendations for the average home gardener.

    Basic Tips for any Gardener:

    • Know your zone

    • Study sun/shade, water, wind, soil, drought/wet areas, rocks, etc.

    • Live with your garden for one year before adding anything permanent, plant annuals for color or put annuals in containers in the garden arranged in 3 or 5 group vignettes. Gardening doesn’t necessarily mean in-ground

    • Make a sketch and note all plants. Decide what color/types of plants. Know how small/large/wide something grows. Every year add to the sketch of new plants added

    • Have basic tools on hand: gloves, pruners, spade, hoe, adjustable rake, trowel to name a few

    • In Spring or Fall; till the soil, add nutrients

    • The focus here is to use organic fertilizers but organic doesn’t mean they are risk free. Whether organic or chemical follow the instructions as both can be harmful if not used properly. I prefer organic because over time it improves the soil so less fertilizer is needed as the soil feeds plants naturally. Ever wonder why wild flowers grow so well????

    • Don’t plant anything unless you are committed to spending time in the garden. If you have little or no time then plant annuals for color using grasses or shrubs with limited maintenance. Any theme garden with diversity requires attention

    • Buy a few books on gardening to refer to

    Composting on a Budget:

    Buy a 5 gallon plastic bucket with a lid in a dark color. Drill a few holes in the bottom also around at the top and bottom every 4″ inches or so. Now fill it with shredded newspaper, leaves, egg shells, kitchen scraps (no meat) layering each type initially, add blood meal (increases decomposition) then let it cook in a sunny area. Turn the bucket upside down every week or so. Growing “gold” will be ready in several weeks. This is called hot composting. There are composting bins available but this is cheap and works. Compost tea can be made to feed plants by using cheesecloth to strain allowing seeping in a filled watering can.


    Buy organic blended or blend your own with blood meal, bone meal, bat guano, etc. or add at intervals. Use organic mulch from cow manure, wood chips-anything that comes from something natural designed to enrich the soil not just feed plants. Over time enriched soil or loam (ideal) will allow you to use less fertilizer while growing stronger plants that attract fewer pests. While using compost enriches the soil annuals are heavy feeders and need fertilizing. Note: Both annuals and perennials in containers lose nutrients as watering washes them away so feed often.

    Grow from Seed:

    Set up an area in the basement, garage or room to start seedlings. There are fancy greenhouses but plastic or metal trays (I use roasting pans) can work just as well. With a few fluorescent bulbs plus a growing mat and clear plastic you can start just about any plant. Growing from seed is time-consuming and hard-as it requires patience (though nothing quite compares to the feeling when a minuscule spec grows into a beautiful plant.)

    I’ve saved plastic pots from previous plants or peat pots, new and reused, to start seedlings. If the plant can grow to maturity inside a peat pot then plant it but I have found I have to separate the young seedlings several times until maturity. So whenever possible I try to save the peat pot removing the soil and letting it dry out. It works about 50% of the time.

    In the past I spent $100 on average during the growing season just on annuals or plants that cannot be started from seed. Last year I spent $14.


    Think about a rain catch-all if possible. On a small scale you can set your watering cans out to catch rain.


    Grow an array of plants to attract beneficial insects that eat the bad ones. Don’t plant just one species. Limit any harsh chemicals that may harm the plant or erode the soil. Handpick or use water to kill pests. Neem Oil is a good choice to rid plants from an array of pests. There are a bevy of natural products on the market for animal deterrents too.

    Container Gardening:

    POTS: This is the single one area that is the hardest to remain “green.” The average homeowner goes to the local garden center buys plants then either puts them in the ground or in other containers while some pots are bio-degradable most are not.. Plastic pots are generally discarded in lieu of a more attract one. Because I grow 95% of my annuals from seed I save those plastic ones to start plants or for repotting. If I give plants away I ask for the plastic pots back to use again. Also smaller pots can be added to larger containers; making them lighter by using less soil. If you purchase from a garden center ask if they have a program to return the used plastic pots.

    POTTING SOIL: Recycling used potting soil whenever possible is “green” to the environment and to your wallet. In another 5 gallon bucket, after the plant is discarded (make sure it was disease-free, if unsure throw it all away) add the used soil. I combine both new and used potting soil (do not use soil from the garden.) I then add fertilizer and compost to amend the soil plus Perlite (volcanic glass) to make it less dense. If saving soil is not an option before throwing in the trash till it into your garden bed. Most quality potting mixes have the nutrients added so amending is not necessary unless you are reusing.

    Garden centers are a source for all garden items. Growing from seed is involved and unless you are equipped for volume grow primarily for your own needs. The downside is initially your seedlings may not survive, seem smaller than the store bought or not as robust once planted but within a few weeks they catch up. Through trial and error you will soon discover which plants are easiest to grow and which aren’t. Generally by the end of the growing season I notice many of my neighbors’ plants are looking fairly spent or have died. Mine are still growing strong; a trade-off for growing within the natural season plus having some patience.

    VEGETABLES: Many vegetables that require space are now available in dwarf varieties. Once thought could only be grown in the ground do very well in containers, such as, beans, peas, carrots, lettuce, peppers and tomatoes.

    OVERWINTERING: I save container plants 2 ways outside protected and inside in a sunny location. I have a porch so I combine bigger plants replant them in plastic (saved pots) and group covering with plastic. They do not get wet or are exposed to freezing and thawing. I also built a cold frame where I put smaller plants. Most make it but some don’t but that is still less I have to replace for the new season.

    I do bring in other container plants that I have had for years. By the end of winter they often look pretty scrawny but once they are back outside in the elements with a dose of fertilizer they get rejuvenated in days. I keep bringing in a basil plant that should have died 2 years ago but this will be 3rd growing season. This is the original plant not a re-seeder.

    Recycling, growing from seed and using natural products helps the planet, helps your wallet which is just pure satisfaction. Repurpose me “green” with savings all around.

    Source by Charlotte A Sorrentino

    Are you proud to show off your smile or do you stay tight lipped in front of other people and cameras? If this is so, it’s the time to break all the barriers and go for a cosmetic dental checkup. They offer cosmetic dentistry. This is mainly done for teeth whitening. They restore the pearly shine of your teeth and you can say “cheese” in front of the camera without any hesitation.

    They go through a set of procedure that can change your smile. Dental problem does not stop at yellowing of teeth, there are many other problems like tooth decay, cavity etc. These cosmetic dentists help you to overcome all the problems and make your smile flawless and charming. Some of their treatments are:

    • Removing stains and whitening of teeth

    For this they usually use a technique known as bleaching. This is very easy to carry and is also cheap. Bleaching removes stains and discolorations. Nowadays zoom bleaching is being used by many dentists. This is the quickest treatment and results are very good.

    • Missing teeth or chipped teeth

    For this they generally prefer bonded fillings. This helps to reshape the tooth. Porcelain veneers and bridges give good results for the same.

    • Cavity and broken teeth

    Dental implants generally address such problems. With a tooth re-contouring, this treatment gives good results. Other than this for dental filling, you can use silver amalgam filling. Lately, this has become an old style as it gets darken over time. White composite filling is more preferred. It does not get darken and holds up as good as silver amalgam. Also, it looks much better.

    Always make sure that you go to a reliable dentist. You cannot afford to take chances with your teeth. So, before going to the dentist of your choice, be sure that you have done your homework well. Take advises from your family and friend regarding good dentists in your town. You can also check online. Be sure that you have seen some of their works. After all, smile is the best medicine and you cannot let someone destroy your smile.

    The nerves connecting the pulp of a tooth directly to the brain can be a barometric indication of the health of the teeth. This, in many ways can be thought of as an inconvenience as problems in dentition gives rise to immense pain. Fortunately, with the help of available expertise and the skilled hands of an experienced doctor

    Source by Mike Dawan

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