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February 2021

Becoming a cosmetic dentist will take many years of schooling. There is much to learn in this field and it will take time to learn what is needed. Included in the years of study will be many hours of hands on training to make sure that each student has seen everything there is to see and will have experience once they go out into the real world looking for employment. The field of dentistry is a very complex field and this is not the career field for everyone. For those who are dedicated and who put the time in, the field of dentistry can be very rewarding.

The title of cosmetic dentist is one that dentists, once they are out in the working world, give to themselves. There is no specialty during dental school where a student can take certain courses to qualify to be a cosmetic dentist. The title of cosmetic dentist is made up of different procedures that are all lumped together. Before any student can even begin to decide what they would like to specialize in, a student first needs to choose a college and obtain their four year degree. Some dental schools will only require a two year degree but most require a four year degree.

After finishing up a four year degree, a student who wishes to continue on to dental school will then apply for dental school. In dental school, students will choose either general dentistry or they will choose a specialty. Depending on which option is chosen, that will determine the length of time that a student is in school. Students who choose a specialty will spend more time in dental school because there will be more in depth subjects to cover and learn.

Once a student graduates from dental school, they will be able to pursue employment. Once a student has become a dentist and begins working, they will then be able to perform the tasks of a cosmetic dentist. A cosmetic dentist performs tasks that improve the look of a person’s teeth, gums, or bite and many of these procedures are performed daily at every dental office. It does take many years to become a dentist but for those who put in the time and the effort to learn what is being taught, they will excel in their craft and help many people over the course of their careers. Dentistry can be a rewarding career path for the right person.

Source by Chris J. Phillips

Early records of strength training date back to 3600 BC when Chinese emperors made their subjects exercise daily (Webster 1976). During the Chou Dynasty subjects were required to pass weight- lifting tests before entering the military. There is large amount of evidence that indicates weight training was part of life in ancient Greece and India. In fact, the Greeks built numerous sculptures of people lifting stone weights.

Numerous systems of training have been proposed over the years. The accumulation of experience and different philosophies has led us to the current training methods utilized today. Keep in mind; many authorities have varied greatly from the original purpose of strength and conditioning. Hard work and dedication formed the foundation of earlier training methods. Today the opposite has occurred in numerous settings as easy work and quick fixes form the foundation of most people’s regimens.

During the 16th century in Europe books on weight training began to surface. Sir Thomas Elyot’s book on the topic was published in England in 1531. Joachim Camerius, a lecturer at Leipzig University, wrote several books in 1544 recommending that weight training should be a key activity offered in the model school. John Paugh published a book in 1728 titled A Physiological, Theoretic and Practical Treatise on the Utility of Muscular Exercise for Restoring the Power to the limbs, which pointed out the benefits offered by weight training for rehab purposes. In the 1860’s, Archibald Maclaren, devised the first formal system of physical training with dumbbells and barbells for the British Army.

The showmen and strongman entertainers of the 19th Century heavily contributed to methods used today in the fitness and Sports Conditioning industry. From extensive research iron game historian David Webster credits Italian circus and fairground performer, Felice Napoli as the one who popularized strongman performances on an international scale. Disciples of Napoli include Professor Attila (Louis Durlacher) and Eugen Sandow (Frederick Muller). Attila became well known and he attracted some of the world’s most well known physical culturists and many rulers of Europe. His list of students included King George of Greece, King Edward of England, Crown Prince Frederick who became King Haakon of Norway, the six children of King Christian of Denmark, the Queen Mother Alexandra of England, Princess Dagmar (Empress of Russia and mother of Tsar Nicholas), and the Duchess of Cumberland.

At the time training the wealthy was a much respected occupation. We have what we call personal trainers today. The current protocols used by the majority of today’s trainers are a far cry from the original teachings and benefits provided by trainers. The fame and notoriety of trainers of those days was a result of the public displays of extraordinary physical feats. These events were often attended by royalty and were highly acclaimed for their promotion of physical well-being.

Eugen Sandow, born in Koningsberg in East Russia in 1867, was recruited for his teachings by presidents and rulers from around the world. Nine kings and queens and many princes of Europe, as well as US presidents William Taft and Woodrow Wilson endorsed Sandow’s book Life is Movement. Sandow was a successful strongman as well as a promoter of formal fitness and health management. He emphasized that physical education and sport should be an integral part of the school system. He also toured the world lecturing and promoting physical culture as a means of improving the quality of life.

Most authorities recognize Sandow, as one of the most important figures in the history of fitness, with the history of his work revealing that the modern phenomenon of science based fitness training is not a novel invention. Sandow promoted the importance of strength and skill as being the cornerstone of fitness. A half a century later Dr Kenneth Cooper proposed that being fit was primarily dependent on aerobic conditioning. Approximately 25 years later the important role of strength training has once again been recognized by the academia.

In Russia during the same period Vladislav Krayevsky founded the St Petersburg Amateur Weightlifting Society (1885). Many respected scientists, athletes; artists became his students, including famous strongman George Hackenschmidt, who credited Krayevsky for teaching him all he knew. Hackenschmidt mentioned in his book The Way To Live that some of the world’s strongest men of the era, including Sandow were trained using Krayevsky’s system.

Krayevsky’s work and the popularity of his students had a major effect on weightlifting in Russia. Not only was he a renowned teacher, but he also achieved significant numbers in barbell lifts himself. He was the president of the jury at the first world championships in Vienna in 1898.

Krayevsky wrote two of his fundamental works during the period of 1896-1899. The writings were titled The Catechism of Health-Rules for Athletes and The Development of Physical Strength with Kettlebells and without Kettlebells. The Catechism of Health-Rules for Athletes was sent to press December 9th 1899, but was never published and is now preserved in manuscript form. His other book was published in 1900 and reprinted three times (1902, 1909, 1916) after his death (1901).

Krayevsky was well studied on the history of physical culture and all forms of gymnastics. He was knowledgeable about Swedish gymnastics and noted its therapeutic benefits, but his concern with the lack of scientific data of the Swedish system led him to recruit experimentalists to research it.

Many of Krayevsky’s recommendations are still used today. His recommendations include medical control of an athlete’s health, consistent training and varying load patterns, full spectrum physical development, psychological development and avoidance of smoking and alcohol.

The early strength pioneers developed numerous devices in regards to strength training including cable machines, kettlebells, barbells, dumbbells, odd-shaped bars, thick grip bars, weighted boots, isolation machines and various throwing devices. Yet 50 years later there are numerous people who claim to have invented this machinery. In today’s industry there are many systems and people promoting their new systems, which are not really new at all.

The development of different scientific and educational cultures split the West and East as their promotion of physical activity was vaguely different. During the years following the World Wars Russia and Europe still continued to promote various elements of physical strength, power and skill while the West primarily promoted aerobics. Kenneth Cooper’s book Aerobics was popular at the time as well as Swedish endurance exercise research. According to Cooper and the Swedish researchers cardiac and general health depended primarily on prolonged endurance work. Supporters of the endurance doctrine heavily protested strength training. Cooper told the world strength training promoted a beautiful body but did nothing for health.

During the same period that the aerobics craze was running wild in the West Russians and Eastern Europeans accumulated extensive international information on strength and sports training while developing comprehensive educational programs to promote their findings. Most schools offered weightlifting and within a few decades there were approximately 1 million weightlifters in the USSR. Strength training became a key element in all sports training programs in the USSR while the attitude in the West was that weight training would slow athletes down and limit their range of motion. Consequently Russia dominated the Olympic Games, especially in Olympic Weightlifting, at the same time the aerobic doctrine became gospel in the West.

The Russian dominance has often been attributed to the use of anabolic-androgenic drugs, but the sporting use of these drugs was actually introduced in by the West first. It is probably more accurate to say that the Eastern nations dominated due to their special strength science and understanding of comprehensive sports conditioning. On the topic of drug usage no one uses more drugs than Pro bodybuilders, which are predominantly Americans.

In the West today the majority of gyms, trainers, academia and coaches are still ill informed when it comes to fitness and Sports Conditioning. The aerobic endurance crazes still dominates in most cases, yet this makes up a minor portion of fitness. All one needs to do is study the science and abundant evidence that supports the numerous health and fitness benefits of a proper strength-training program to realize its importance.

References

Siff, M.C (2000) Supertraining. Mel Siff.

Copyright 2005 Jamie Hale

Source by Jamie Hale

Your teeth may be at risk. Did you know that consuming acidic foods and drinks can lead to acid erosion of your teeth? Once softened by acid exposure, your tooth enamel becomes weakened and can be more easily worn away, even by just brushing your teeth! If you tend to grind your teeth at night, you can quickly do some serious damage.

Often the first sign of this problem is increased sensitivity to cold air or liquids. Bouts of acid exposure will open up the pores on your teeth, and any areas of dentin exposure, such as root surfaces, can become very sensitive.

Teeth softened by acid are much more vulnerable to decay. That can mean a lot of extensive dental treatment.

Serious damage from acid doesn’t happen with a single exposure, and your teeth have some capacity to recover (re-mineralize). However, many repeated exposures can lead to severe, irreversible destruction of your teeth.

This is HUGE problem. I’m very alarmed by how much acid erosion and the resulting tooth sensitivity I’m seeing.

And most people have absolutely NO IDEA that it’s happening to them.

This is a Real Threat…

In the past few years, I have seen more and more patients who are presenting with this problem. One patient in particular, she was a new patient to my practice. Her teeth were worn right down to their gum line! Ouch! I also noticed that many younger adults who consume large quantities of cola drinks and their teeth were being decimated by tooth decay (more on that issue later).

This problem of acid erosion isn’t just age specific. I see a LOT of it in all ages, and it seems to be getting worse every year. Sure, people are living longer and keeping their natural teeth. Yet, that still doesn’t explain all the damage I’m seeing.

Beware the acid bombs!

A key factor in this “epidemic” of acid damage is our modern diet. Many of the foods and drinks that we consume contain highly elevated levels of acid.

Acids commonly added to our food include citric acid, acetic acid (vinegar), and phosphoric acid – all of which can significantly harm your enamel. So make sure you read the ingredients label.

Why are these acids being added?

In most cases, to assist in preservation. It’s widespread within the food industry.

Benzoic acid and its salt forms (sodium benzoate, potassium benzoate, etc.) are amongst the most widely used food preservative in the world. It’s cheap and very effective. Prolonged shelf life translates into higher profits. In the food industry, it is used in wide range of items from jams, juices and salad dressings to ice cream, soft drinks and candies. It’s also used in toothpaste, mouthwash, and as a rust inhibitor in anti-freeze.

Being weakly acidic, benzoic acid won’t harm your enamel directly. This chemical’s preservative effect is pH dependent – it works best in a low pH (acidic) environment. Other strong acids are being added to food and beverage products to establish a low enough pH for this preservative to work. Many food substances, such as soft drinks, ice cream, and candies, are being acidified (juiced up) this way. That’s the big, hidden acid spike many of us are being hit with!

On a further note, benzoic acid can combine with ascorbic acid (vitamin C)

to form benzene – a known carcinogen. Vitamin C is often added to food or beverage products as an anti-oxidant. These two ingredients are still being used together in a wide range of beverages throughout the World (fortunately banned in North America). Another good reason to read those ingredient labels.

Watch out for the Double Dose!

A high sugar and strong acid combo make some of these food and beverages particularly devastating for your teeth. Bacteria in your mouth can aggressively metabolize any available sugar to produce lactic acid. That means your teeth will be exposed to even more acid. That’s why a lot of children have re occurring decay. They constantly got hit with a double dose of acid from all the cola drinks they drink!

Diet drinks may be marginally easier on your teeth, but some sugar substitutes (aspartame) can add an extra punch to the acid attack on our bodies.

More than Just Our Teeth…

The harm from overexposure to acid only begins with our teeth. These synthetic “acid bombs” we’re consuming can alter our internal chemistry and dramatically affect our overall health.

Our bodies will attempt to compensate for this excess dietary acid, but at a price. Our alkaline reserves are gradually being depleted, and as that happens, we start suffering from the many consequences of chronic acidosis.

The following are some of the dangerous effects of chronic acidosis…

* Minerals (mainly calcium) are leeched from our organs and bones to neutralize the excess acid. As calcium is leeched from our bones, we can eventually suffer from osteoporosis.

* Our kidneys are overburdened by the acid buildup and experience higher incidence of kidney stones.

* Digestion suffers because excess systemic acid can inhibit the production of stomach acid as well as the alkalizing salts from the gall bladder and pancreas. We’re left with poorly digested, acidic food in our intestine that brings on cramping, bloating and risk of intestinal infections.

* Capillary blood flow slows down and the removal of acid waste on a cellular level is blocked, increasing the effects of cellular aging and raising the risk of cellular transmutation (cancer).

* Acid accumulation in the pancreas interferes with insulin production, leading to diabetes.

* Our energy levels drop off and we suffer from chronic fatigue.

* Fat accumulates around our vital organs (to protect them) and we put on extra weight.

Chronic acidosis has been cited as the hidden but deadly disease that’s the primary cause of many of the serious ailments we suffer from. Dr. Leigh Connealy states “Acidosis literally destroys the body from the inside out, paving the way for disease to take over.

Watch Out for These Acidic Foods!

Soft drinks (including lemon iced-tea)

Sports drinks – Gatorade, Powerade, etc.

Energy Drinks – Red Bull, Full Throttle, etc.

Citrus Fruits – lemons, limes, grapefruit, etc.

Fruit salad

Fruit juices – lemonade, grapefruit, orange, apple, cranberry, etc.

Chewable Vitamin C (never suck on them)

Candies (particularly sour candies)

Vinegar

Vinegar-based products such as salad dressing and ketchup

White or red wine

The Bottom Line: Loss of enamel is progressive. If left to advance, your teeth may become severely compromised.

What You Can Do:

* Be alarmed. Take this seriously and don’t let your teeth become casualties in the food wars. Pay attention to ingredients and start limiting your exposure to acidic food and beverages.

* Get real. Call junk food it what it is, not a “special treat” that you’ve earned. Avoid associating “comfort” with bad food choices. Try choosing healthy snack alternatives such as nuts and raw veggies

* Stop the pop! Find healthy alternatives, such as mineral water. If you do indulge, limit the frequency, time length, and concentration of acid exposure.

* Cut out the candy. Tame your sweet tooth before addiction consumes you. Sour candies, being dosed up with citric, malic, and/or tartaric acids, are extra nasty.

* Limit your exposure time. Eating or drinking something slowly throughout the day will do more harm than one big exposure.

* Water your juices down. Many juices have concentrated sugar and acid content, to the point that they cannot even quench your thirst. Consider adding at least half water (2/3 is my preference). Stay away from lemon iced-tea.

* Good Hygiene. Maintain brushing & flossing habits. Be sure to use fluoridated toothpaste to help strengthen your teeth. Avoid brushing your teeth immediately after consuming acidic foods or drinks, as this is when enamel is at its softest and most likely to be damaged. Simply rinse with water instead.

* We can help. Stay healthy and keep your teeth for life by keeping up your hygiene visits. We’ll keep tabs on acid damage. If the damage is already significant, we can help restore & protect the affected teeth with options such as bonding, porcelain veneers, or crowns.

Source by Greg Prior, D.D.S.

If you are one of the more than 30 million Americans who grind their teeth, your dentist has probably recommended you buy a mouth guard. When it comes to the choice between buying a $10 to $50 custom-moldable or custom configurable mouth guard, and buying a $300 to $700 dentist-made mouth guard, you might not be surprised that most dentists recommend the dentist-made mouth guards. But who benefits more from these dentist-made mouth guards, you or your dentist?

In a recent phone survey conducted in the Boston area, various dentists were charging between $300 and $700 for exactly the same dentist-made mouth guard, so if you decide to go for a dentist-made mouth guard to keep your tooth grinding from wearing down your teeth, you might want to be a smart shopper and call around first to compare prices.

I inquired recently at the Yankee Dental Congress in Boston how much the dentist-made mouth guards cost the dentists to make. The various companies that make the systems used to make the guards said the price of the materials is about $12 per custom mouth guard. Add to that technician time, and they assured me “the cost is well under $100 – these are very high-profit items for dentists“. I was not shocked, but this does seem to present a possible conflict of interest for a dentist deciding whether to recommend you buy an inexpensive over-the-counter mouth guard or an expensive dentist-made mouth guard.

More and more brands of inexpensive custom-moldable or custom-configurable mouth guards have become available in recent years. Some of the units were designed by dentists who say they are just as good (or in some cases better) than the dentist-made mouth guards. 

Any mouth guard could make your pain worse if the feel of it winds up feeding your tooth grinding and clenching habit and having you grind and clench more. Since dentists don’t offer money-back guarantees on the custom mouth guards they make, you might want to try one or two of the inexpensive over-the-counter versions before you plunk down the big bucks for a dentist-made mouth guard. You might also want to try biofeedback, which can be tried for free, to see if that can significantly reduce your tooth grinding and clenching and reduce or eliminate your pain.  There are many other things you can try, and it makes sense to try first the things that can be tried for free or with a money-back guarantee. 

Source by Lee Weinstein

Having a job as a bank teller is a fantastic job to have for several reasons. For starters, you get to work with the public. If you are a people person, this is great. You get to converse with a variety of people and help them with their finances. You can, for example let them know of other opportunities in the bank that they may not be aware of. Opportunities to make more money in a certificate of deposit or money market account, perhaps a no fee Visa (if one is offered) would benefit them or perhaps suggest how to use the equity in their home with a home equity loan, just to name a few. If you are not a people person, then this definitely is not the job for you.

Another advantage is that you get to work inside in a nice dry and warm office in the winter and a nice cool and dry office in the summer. This may not seem like a big deal until you have a job working in the elements. The rain, snow, sleet and sun can be torture unless you get a perfect 75 degree day and for most of the country, those days are few and far between.

Working as a bank teller comes with a lot of responsibility. Because you are working with other peoples’ money, you have to be trustworthy and a person of integrity. Not just anyone can pass the screening tests and be bonded. As you can imagine, the bank goes to a lot of trouble and expense to ensure their employees can be trusted with large sums of money. The bank doesn’t want to take any unnecessary losses and lose credibility with the public. The bank doesn’t want to see its name in the newspaper talking about how an unscrupulous employee embezzled thousands of dollars or how an employee helped with a bank heist.

Banks are known for having good benefits. Not only do they offer medical and dental coverage, but they also typically offer tuition reimbursement. If you are going to college or thinking about going back to college, having the bank pay for a portion of your tuition can really help out your budget. Speaking of college students, teller jobs are great for college students who have flexible schedules and are available for working on Saturdays and extended hours at in-store branches.

Another great thing about working for a bank is that it opens doors to opportunities outside the bank. Customers who have had an opportunity to see you in action and have liked what they saw, may let you know of opportunities in their organization. Not only that, but should you ever seek employment outside the bank, listing on your resume that you have worked at bank will give you a great deal of credibility. Bank tellers are known for being honest, trustworthy, dependable, accurate, ethical and responsible. These are the attributes most employers are looking for in a long-term employee and having experience working as a bank teller will most likely give you the advantage over your competition.

Source by Joy Peterson

Starting oral care at an early age is necessary to ensuring total health to your kids. Oral hygiene habits should be taught from the young age itself so that the little ones grow into adults with knowledge of oral health. For that reason, parents should teach their children how to brush, how to clean their teeth and how to follow basic steps to brushing to avoid oral problems in future. Even dentists recommend that brushing should start the moment the first tooth emerges in the kid. The more you delay the more it will have bad effect on their oral health in future.

You should use a soft-bristled toothbrush and wet it with water to brush the infant teeth. You can consult the dentist to know whether you should use a fluoride toothpaste for the infant. It’s good to use even less than a pea-sized amount of the paste when your kid is less than two years old. And when children the age of 6-8 years, you can let them brush on own though you can keep an eye to make sure the child cleans all areas in the mouth. Such children must be taught to brush twice a day, once in the morning and then at night, for better oral care.

More so, parents can also choose electric toothbrush which is often battery-powered, and which provides better cleaning against plaque. It’s also necessary to change the toothbrush every three to four months to not allow frayed or worn-out bristles cause harm to your child’s teeth. It is also helpful to teach your child how to rinse the mouth with water as this can complement the brushing well. In most cases, children may not know the right way to brushing and it’s the duty of parents to teach them this. They can be taught how to clean the mouth and teeth thoroughly for maintaining oral health.

Further, children should also know the right technique or method to brushing their teeth as this can cerate the whole difference to their oral care exercise. Apart from brushing gently and thoroughly, the child should be taught to angle the toothbrush at 45-degrees towards the gums of the teeth for effective cleaning. Little ones should also know how to move the toothbrush gently in a back-and-forth motion using short strokes along the gums and teeth for effective cleaning. By using this technique to all corners of the mouth, you can achieve total cleaning easily and this is how pearly whites become a reality.

Source by Akshay Kumar Sharma

Dental bonding is a simple, painless procedure that your dentist can do for you right in his office in one visit. In dental bonding the dentist will apply a layer of tooth colored plastic resin to the teeth, which they will then cure with light that in essence “resurfaces” the teeth without using veneers or crowns.

Cost Efficient

This is a cheaper, quicker, yet effective method of giving you that perfect smile than using porcelain crowns. Dental bonding is not only used for covering discolored teeth, but also is used to close unsightly gaps between the teeth, repair chipped, cracked, or otherwise damaged teeth, lengthen “short” looking teeth, as well as re-contour the entire mouth, rather than using more costly and labor intensive crowns.

Dental bonding can also be used to repair cracks or breaks in teeth without having to use more costly and invasive procedures such as pulling the tooth for implants, or grinding the tooth for porcelain crowns or caps, as the resin can be made to match the color of the surrounding/existing teeth.

Dental bonding can be used as a structural repair for broken or rotted teeth as well as a cosmetic repair for crooked or discolored teeth and often at a fraction of the cost of other more invasive repairs such as implants and crowns. Dental bonding will last from around seven years to as long as ten or eleven years with proper care.

Better Alternatives

Often, smaller repairs may be completed in one visit, but larger fillings usually require two visits as your dentist will make a mold of the filling needed, then put a temporary filling in place while the permanent filling is made and color matched in a dental lab.

Advantages of dental bonding fillings as opposed to the old style silver fillings are that the boned material requires less healthy tooth material to be removed and it actually sticks, or bonds, to the tooth whereas the old style silver fillings required more healthy tooth to be removed and does not stick to the tooth.

The bonded material filling is also able to be color matched to your tooth and so is virtually invisible. Dental bonding may also be used to correct crooked teeth without the time and expense of braces. To straighten crooked teeth the dentist will merely go over your existing teeth with the bonding material the shape and contour the material to create the desired effect.

After the desired look has been achieved the dentist will finish the job by polishing the bonded material to a healthy luster, giving you the finished product of a perfect smile. Ask your dentist about dental bonding and see if it is right for you.

Source by David L Greene

There are a lot of individuals and families now looking for low cost dental plans because of their inability to get them through their employer any longer. The truth is that it has just become too expensive for many employers, especially those with small businesses, to continue providing this benefit to their workers. This has driven many people into the private market for both health and dental care, and many people are shocked at what they’re finding available. As a matter of fact, there are many families that now must take the risk of going without dental care at all, because paying the premiums for health insurance out of pocket now is all that they can handle.

Recent studies show that 7 out of ten people here in the Unites States now have no form of dental plan at all. In this day and age that number is a tragedy, especially with the terrible eating habits that most of our children have developed in the past several decades.

There is one possible option for getting low cost dental plans that you may not have heard of. These are called Discount Dental Plans. Discount Dental Plans are not Dental Insurance coverage, they are simply a low cost service that provides substantial discounts on routine dental care to their plan members in exchange for paying cash at the time that the service is performed. You can save anywhere from 10-60% on dental care with some of the more popular plan networks.

The way that Discount Dental Plans work is quite simple. You simply find one or more dentists in your area that accept the plan, pay the low cost annual fee, either for an individual or family, and begin seeing your dentist within 1-3 business days. You can experience substantial savings on major dental care such as bridge work, root canals and dentures.

If you are in need of a good low cost dental plan, I highly recommend that you take a good look at Discount Dental Plans. They may actually be the best dental plan available for you and/or your family.

Source by Joe Stewart

A Joint Venture (JV) is also known as ‘business deal’, ‘strategic alliance’, or ‘strategic partnership’. Probably the simplest definition is that Joint venture is a win-win strategic partnership between two or more businesses or individuals who agree to leverage each other’s resources in order to achieve common economic objectives. Resources could be in the form of technology, relationships, access to existing customers, expertise, knowledge, credibility, employees, facilities, finance, etc.

Examples of Easy, Profitable and Simple Joint Venture Deals

Here are just a few examples of JV deals you can broker:

1. Tollgating

2. Reciprocal Arrangements

3. Sharing Resources

4. Promotional Partnerships

5. Create Profit Centers for Businesses

Let’s look at each one in more detail.

Method #1: Tollgating

Tollgating simply means finding a group of people with a high enough demand and connecting them with the source of supply. You then stand between them (like a tollgate collector) and collect money as buyers go through the tollgate. This method is also known as “Triangulation.”

Examples of Tollgating:

1. Let’s say that in your local area, there’s an Association of Architects. Say they have at least 50 members and they socialize weekly. If you’re able to persuade them to meet once a week at a specific restaurant or hotel, you can arrange a deal with the restaurant/hotel owner to give you a percentage of their weekly bill.

2. Another way you can tollgate is by finding successful businesses. There are businesses out there who are actually turning customers away because they are unable to meet the demand. Get them to pass the leads to you. Then you can direct these leads to another business who will do all the work. You then collect commissions for every converted lead.

3. Locate someone with a product to sell, and find someone who owns a list of customers who have a strong desire for the product in question. Get the list owner to endorse the product, and you collect commission from every sale made.

4. When a business goes bankrupt, make money by locating someone who is willing to: buy the old inventory, buy the old phone number in order to convert incoming callers, buy the database of customers, fulfill pending orders, take over the lease, etc.

Method #2: Reciprocal Arrangements

This is a I-scratch-your-back-you-scratch-mine sort of arrangement.

The fact is that each business has strengths and weaknesses, and many business owners don’t know how to compensate for their weaknesses, thus producing problems. But a smart JV broker like you can address this by partnering up businesses with complementary qualities so that together they are stronger and more profitable.

Examples of Reciprocal Arrangements:

1. Barter – a magazine may agree to let a restaurant pay for a month’s worth of advertising by lettting the magazine’s key staff to eat for free for a set period of time; a marketing consultant may agree to help a fitness professional generate more leads in exchange for personal training.

2. Connect two businesses with products/services that complement each other. Get them to tap into each others customer base by getting them to continually endorse/promote each others goods to their own customers. For example, you can arrange for a beauty spa to promote a health club down the road (and vice versa); or encourage a hair salon to “reward” their loyal customers with gift certificates from a restaurant, thus driving potentially lifetime customers to the restaurant. In all cases, you collect a commission from any resulting sales.

Method #3: Sharing Existing Resources

You can leverage existing resources that are underutilized and make money in the process.

Examples of Sharing Resources:

1. You can launch a jewelry designer’s career by arranging to have her creations displayed along with the goods in a posh retail shop selling designer handbags. The jewelry designer doesn’t pay any rent, but she pays a commission to you and the retail shop owner every time she makes a sale.

2. You can make passive income by finding student tenants for landlords in your local area. You can semi-automate the process by giving a list of local accommodations to a person working in the Admissions Office of major Universities/schools in your area and ask them to actively help the student applicants find accommodations. Make sure to reward your contacts, of course.

3. Licensing – If you have (or know someone with) a system, intellectual resources, or any non-perishable intangibles that other people are willing to pay for, you can simply grant them rights to use these resources in exchange for a small fee. You can license a software, hard to get information, a useful research finding, a specialist equipment, etc. Bob Serling has a wealth of resources about licensing.

4. Piggybacking – you can take advantage of an existing infrastructure easily. For example, you can insert your promotional leaflet in the envelopes of a National direct mailing company who already mails 100,000 letters a month to their existing subscribers. Agree to give them a percentage of your profits.

Method #4: Promotional Partnerships

Are you (or do you know) someone who is an expert salesperson/marketer? You can team up with someone who has a product/service to sell but is clueless about how to sell it.

1. Become an Agent – You can help book speakers, bands, entertainers, artists, performers, etc. and get paid a healthy commission.

2. Affiliate Marketing – You can market/sell other people’s products and gain a commission for every sale made. If you don’t want to do the selling, you can get someone else to do it for you. You can also look for businesses with no affiliates, set up their affiliate program, recruit the affiliates, let them do all the selling and marketing, and then you just collect a small commission.

Method #5: Creating Profit Centers for Existing Businesses

It’s a fact that many people who are in business don’t know how to gain a steady stream of buyers continuously.

1. Bundling- You can add a complimentary product or service to an existing one with already existing distribution routes, and collect commissions. For example, most real estate agents can make more money and serve their customers even more if they also recommend services like removals, interior design, plumbing, electrical, plastering, etc. to every person they sell a house to. But most real estate agents don’t know this, so you can set up this arrangement and profit.

2. Encourage restaurants to sell Advertising spaces and get paid by finding advertisers. Restaurants can earn money by displaying ads on their bathrooms, at the back of their menu, on their wide screen TVs, or even on their announcement boards.

3. Do you live in an area where there are no 24-hour Dentists / restaurants / bakeries/ liquor store/ entertainment centers? You can arrange a deal where a business owner agrees to allow someone else to use their existing facilities at times when they are usually closed in return for rent money or a percentage of the profits.

4. Talk to an offline business who have no clue about online marketing. Strike a deal where you use online marketing methods to promote the business, and get paid commission for any resulting sales. You can easily do this deal with Experts and Gurus – people who have a wealth of information inside their heads, but they lack knowledge how to turn their expertise into information products and sell them online. You can act as their online publisher (or JV with an existing online publisher) and take a piece of the profits.

In Conclusion

Being a Joint Venture broker can be very easy and rewarding if only you know how to listen to other people’s needs. To be successful all you need to do is solve problems by leveraging already existing resources and establishing trustworthy relationships. You don’t need a product or business of your own. You don’t need to be an expert, you don’t need any experience, you can be 18 years old or 80 years old, you can have a PhD or you can be a high school drop out – it doesn’t matter.

Source by Marj Galangco

A smile on one’s face is what we see as the most attractive gesture. To make it better, you turn to the dentist. Using dentistry skills, he or she guarantees you the courage to smile. Even though you might take laughing and smiling as gestures of healthy living, laughing for long may also lead to death. This might sound very astonishing to you, but this has really happened in earlier and modern history. Following are the stories of 9 most famous deaths due to excessive laughing:

• The most famous person to die of a fit of laughing was a Greek soothsayer, called Calchas. During the time of the Trojan War, he was growing some grapevines. Another soothsayer went by and said that Calc will never be able to drink this wine. Later on, when the grapes ripened and Calc made wine out of them, he invited the other soothsayer too. As they were sharing the wine, the soothsayer told Calchas about what he had predicted. This made Calchas laugh so hard that he died.

• The other story dates back to 5 BC. A Greek artist named Zeuxis was painting a picture of an old lady. When he was done, he started laughing, yet choked and died.

• In 3 BC, a Greek philosopher named Chrysippus died of laughing because he had seen a donkey eat figs.

• The next person to die of laughter is a Greek too! A person named Philemon used to write Greek comedies. One day as he was reading one of his own jokes, he found it so funny that he got a fit of laughter and eventually died.

• In 1556, an Italian author Pierto Arentino was listening to a story that his sister was telling him. As he was listening to it, he found it so hilarious that he experienced a fit of laughter that pushed him back in his chair, and later he died of apoplexy.

• Another strange story is that of a Scottish writer Sir Thomas Urquhart, who died laughing on the restoration of Charles II’s throne in 1660.

• In 1782, an English lady called Mrs. Fitzherbert went to watch The Beggar’s Opera in the Durry Lane Theater. As she saw the character ‘Polly’, she couldn’t control her laughter and moved out of the theater. She remembered the event, and experienced hysterics. Recalling the event, a few days later she died.

• In 1975, Mr. and Mrs. Alex Mitchell were watching their favorite TV show, ‘The Goodie’s’. Mr. Alex saw a scene which made him laugh for half and hour, and then experienced a heart attack. His wife later wrote a thank you note to ‘The Goodie’s’ for making the last moments of her husband happy.

• The most modern death is of a Danish audiologist in 1989, called as Ole Bentzen. As he watched the movie ‘A Fish Called Wanda’, he started laughing on the John Cleese’s scene. He laughed so hard that his heartbeat increased to 200 to 500 beats per minute. As a result, he experienced a heart attack and died.

Source by Connor R Sullivan

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